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Portuguese Republic
República Portuguesa[note 1]
FlagCoat of arms
Anthem: "A Portuguesa"
"The Portuguese"
Location of  Portugal  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)
Location of  Portugal  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)

Capital
and largest city
Lisbon
38°46′N9°9′W / 38.767°N 9.150°W / 38.767; -9.150
Official languagesPortuguese
Recognised regional languagesMirandese[a]
Ethnic groups (2011)
DemonymPortuguese
GovernmentUnitarysemi-presidentialrepublic
 • PresidentMarcelo Rebelo de Sousa
 • Assembly PresidentEduardo Ferro Rodrigues
 • Prime MinisterAntónio Costa
LegislatureAssembly of the Republic
Formation
 • Foundation868 
 • Re-founding1095 
 • Sovereignty24 June 1128 
 • Kingdom26 July 1139 
 • Recognition5 October 1143 
 • Papal Recognition23 May 1179 
 • Restoration1 December 1640 
 • Republic5 October 1910 
 • Democratization25 April 1974 
 • Present Constitution[b]25 April 1976 
 • EEC Accession1 January 1986 
Area
 • Total92,212[1] km2 (111th)
35,603 sq mi
 • Water (%)0.5
Population
 • 2015 estimate10,341,330[2] (83rd)
 • 2011 census10,562,178[3]
 • Density115/km2 (97th)
298/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
 • Total$296 billion[4] (50th)
 • Per capita$28,476[4] (40th)
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
 • Total$204.186 billion[4] (43th)
 • Per capita$19,611[4] (36th)
Gini (2013) 34.2[5]
medium
HDI (2014)Increase 0.830[6]
very high ·43rd
CurrencyEuro ()[c] (EUR)
Time zoneWET (UTC)
AZOT(UTC−1)
 • Summer (DST)WEST (UTC+1)
AZOST (UTC)
Note: Mainland Portugal and Madeira use WET/WEST, the Azores use AZOT/AZOST
AntipodesNew Zealand and
Pacific Ocean
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Drives on theright
Calling code+351
ISO 3166 codePT
Internet TLD.pt
a.^Mirandese, spoken in some villages of the municipality of Miranda do Douro, was officially recognized in 1999 (Lei n.° 7/99 de 29 de Janeiro),[7] awarding it an official right-of-use.[8]
Portuguese Sign Language is also recognized.
b.^Portuguese Constitution adopted in 1976 with several subsequent minor revisions, between 1982 and 2005.
c.^ Before 2002, the escudo.
Country Comparisons

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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