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Portuguese Republic
República Portuguesa  (Portuguese)
FlagCoat of arms
Anthem: A Portuguesa  (Portuguese)
"The Portuguese"
Location of  Portugal  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]
Location of  Portugal  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Lisbon
38°46′N9°9′W / 38.767°N 9.150°W / 38.767; -9.150
Official languagesPortuguese
Recognised regional languagesMirandesea
Ethnic groups (2011)
DemonymPortuguese
GovernmentUnitarysemi-presidential
constitutional republic
 - PresidentAníbal Cavaco Silva
 - Prime MinisterPedro Passos Coelho
 - Assembly PresidentMaria da Assunção Esteves
LegislatureAssembly of the Republic
Formation
 - Foundation868 
 - Re-founding1095 
 - Sovereignty24 June 1128 
 - Kingdom26 July 1139 
 - Recognized5 October 1143 
 - Papal recognition23 May 1179 
 - Restored1 December 1640 
 - Republic5 October 1910 
 - Redemocratization25 April 1974 
 - Present Constitutionc25 April 1976 
 - Joined the EEC
(now the EU)
1 January 1986 
Area
 - Total92,212[1] km2 (111th)
35,603 sq mi
 - Water (%)0.5
Population
 - 2014 estimate10,427,301[2] (83rd)
 - 2011 census10,562,178[3]
 - Density115/km2 (97th)
298/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2014 estimate
 - Total$280.360 billion[4] (53rd)
 - Per capita$26,975[4] (43rd)
GDP (nominal)2014 estimate
 - Total$230.012 billion[4] (45th)
 - Per capita$22,130[4] (36th)
Gini (2011)34.2[5]
medium
HDI (2013)Steady 0.822[6]
very high ·41st
CurrencyEuro ()b (EUR)
Time zoneWET(UTC+0)
 - Summer (DST)WEST (UTC+1)
Note that the Azores are in a different time zone.
Date format
  • dd/mm/yyyy
  • dd-mm-yyyy
Drives on theright
Calling code+351
Patron saintSt Anthony of Lisbon
Saint George
Immaculate Conception
ISO 3166 codePT
Internet TLD.pt
a.Mirandese, spoken in some villages of the municipality of Miranda do Douro, was officially recognized in 1999 (Lei n.° 7/99 de 29 de Janeiro), awarding it an official right-of-use.[7]
Portuguese Sign Language is also recognized.
b.Before 1999, the escudo.
c.Constitution had a recent minor revision in 2005.
Country Comparisons

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of June 30, 2015


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