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Portuguese Republic
República Portuguesa  (Portuguese)
Anthem: "A Portuguesa"
"The Portuguese"
Location of  Portugal  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)
Location of  Portugal  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)

Capital
and largest city
Lisbon
38°46′N9°9′W / 38.767°N 9.150°W / 38.767; -9.150
Official languagesPortuguese
Recognised regional languagesMirandese[a]
Ethnic groups(2011)
DemonymPortuguese
GovernmentUnitarysemi-presidentialconstitutional republic
Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa
António Costa
LegislatureAssembly of the Republic
Formation
868
1095
24 June 1128
• Kingdom
26 July 1139
5 October 1143
23 May 1179
1 December 1640
5 October 1910
25 April 1974
25 April 1976
1 January 1986
Area
• Total
92,212[1] km2 (35,603 sq mi) (111th)
• Water (%)
0.5
Population
• 2016 estimate
10,309,573[2] (83rd)
• 2011 census
10,562,178[3]
• Density
115/km2 (297.8/sq mi) (97th)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$310.651 billion[4] (50th)
• Per capita
$30,193[4] (40th)
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$202.770 billion[4] (43th)
• Per capita
$19,707[4] (36th)
Gini (2013) 34.2[5]
medium
HDI (2015)Increase 0.843[6]
very high · 41st
CurrencyEuro ()[c] (EUR)
Time zoneWET/GMT (UTC)
AZOT(UTC−1)
• Summer (DST)
WEST (UTC+1)
AZOST (UTC)
Note: Mainland Portugal and Madeira use WET/WEST, the Azores use AZOT/AZOST
AntipodesNew Zealand and
Pacific Ocean
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Drives on theright
Calling code+351
ISO 3166 codePT
Internet TLD.pt
  1. ^Mirandese, spoken in some villages of the municipality of Miranda do Douro, was officially recognized in 1999 (Lei n.° 7/99 de 29 de Janeiro),[7] awarding it an official right-of-use.[8]Portuguese Sign Language is also recognized.
  2. ^Portuguese Constitution adopted in 1976 with several subsequent minor revisions, between 1982 and 2005.
  3. ^ Before 2002, the escudo.
Country Comparisons

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 9, 2017


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