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Republic of Moldova
Republica Moldova
FlagCoat of arms
Anthem: 
Limba Noastră
Our Language
Location of Moldova (green) andTransnistria (light green) in Europe.
Location of Moldova (green) and
Transnistria (light green) in Europe.
Capital
and largest city
Chișinău
47°0′N28°55′E / 47.000°N 28.917°E / 47.000; 28.917
Official languagesRomaniana[1][2][3]
DemonymMoldovan
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentary
Republic
 - PresidentNicolae Timofti
 - Prime MinisterNatalia Gherman(acting)
 - President of the ParliamentAndrian Candu
LegislatureParliament
Independence from the USSR
 - Sovereignty declared23 June 1990 
 - Independence declared27 August 1991b 
 - Constitution adopted29 July 1994 
Area
 - Total33,846 km2 (138th)
13,067 sq mi
 - Water (%)1.4
Population
 - 2014 estimate2,913,281[4]
(excluding Transnistria)
(133rd)
 - 2004 census3,383,332[5]
(excluding Transnistria)
3,938,679[6]
(including Transnistria)
 - Density105/km2 (101st)
272/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
 - Total$17.693 billion[7]
 - Per capita$4,973 [7]
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
 - Total$6.140 billion[7]
 - Per capita$1,725 [7]
Gini (2010)positive decrease 33.0[8]
medium
HDI (2013)Steady 0.663[9]
medium ·114th
CurrencyMoldovan leu (MDL)
Time zoneEET(UTC+2)
 - Summer (DST)EEST (UTC+3)
Drives on theright
Calling code+373
Patron saintSaint George
ISO 3166 codeMD
Internet TLD.md
a.As determined by the Moldovan Declaration of Independence, which the Constitutional court of Moldova found to take precedence over Article 13 of the Constitution, which uses the name "Moldovan".[1]
b.Date of proclamation. Independence subsequently finalized with the dissolution of the USSR in December 1991.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of June 30, 2015


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