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Republic of Moldova
Republica Moldova (Romanian)
FlagCoat of arms
Anthem: 
Limba Noastră
"Our Language"
Location of Moldova (green) and Transnistria (light green) in Europe.
Location of Moldova (green) and
Transnistria (light green) in Europe.
Capital
and largest city
Chișinău
47°0′N28°55′E / 47.000°N 28.917°E / 47.000; 28.917
Official languagesRomaniana[1][2][3]
Recognised regional languagesBulgarian, Gagauz, Ukrainian
Inter-ethnic
language
Russian[4][5][6]
DemonymMoldovan
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentaryrepublic
 • PresidentNicolae Timofti
 • Prime ministerPavel Filip
LegislatureParliament
Independence from the USSR
 • Sovereignty declared23 June 1990 
 • Independence declared27 August 1991b 
 • Recognized25 December 1991 
 • Constitution adopted29 July 1994 
Area
 • Total33,846 km2 (138th)
13,067 sq mi
 • Water (%)1.4
Population
 • 2014 estimate2,913,281[7]
(excluding Transnistria)
(133rd)
 • 2004 census3,383,332[8]
(excluding Transnistria)
3,938,679[9]
(including Transnistria)
 • Density105/km2 (101st)
272/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
 • Total$18.057 billion[10]
 • Per capita$5,082 [10]
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
 • Total$6.084 billion[10]
 • Per capita$1,712 [10]
Gini (2010) 33.0[11]
medium
HDI (2014)Increase 0.693[12]
medium ·107th
CurrencyLeu (MDL)
Time zoneEET(UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST)EEST (UTC+3)
Drives on theright
Calling code+373
Patron saintSaint George
ISO 3166 codeMD
Internet TLD.md
a.As determined by the Moldovan Declaration of Independence, which the Constitutional court of Moldova found to take precedence over Article 13 of the Constitution, which uses the name "Moldovan".[1]
b.Date of proclamation. Independence subsequently finalized with the dissolution of the USSR in December 1991.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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