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Moldova Geography Profile 2017

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LocationEastern Europe, northeast of Romania
Geographic coordinates47 00 N, 29 00 E
Map referencesEurope
Areatotal: 33,851 sq km
land: 32,891 sq km
water: 960 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly larger than Maryland
Land boundariestotal: 1,885 km
border countries (2): Romania 683 km, Ukraine 1,202 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claimsnone (landlocked)
Climatemoderate winters, warm summers
Terrainrolling steppe, gradual slope south to Black Sea
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 139 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Dniester (Nistru) 2 m
highest point: Dealul Balanesti 430 m
Natural resourceslignite, phosphorites, gypsum, limestone, arable land
Land useagricultural land: 74.9%
arable land 55.1%; permanent crops 9.1%; permanent pasture 10.7%
forest: 11.9%
other: 13.2% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land2,283 sq km (2012)
Population distributionpockets of agglomeration exist throughout the country, the largest being in the center of the country around the capital of Chisinau, followed by Tiraspol and Balti
Natural hazardslandslides
Environment - current issuesheavy use of agricultural chemicals, including banned pesticides such as DDT, has contaminated soil and groundwater; extensive soil erosion from poor farming methods
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notelandlocked; well endowed with various sedimentary rocks and minerals including sand, gravel, gypsum, and limestone

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on July 9, 2017

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