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Mexico Demographics Profile 2013

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Population116,220,947 (July 2013 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 27.4% (male 16,268,424/female 15,587,324)
15-24 years: 18.1% (male 10,566,890/female 10,421,798)
25-54 years: 40.7% (male 22,647,828/female 24,677,965)
55-64 years: 6.9% (male 3,703,316/female 4,337,956)
65 years and over: 6.9% (male 3,574,207/female 4,435,239) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 53.6 %
youth dependency ratio: 43.7 %
elderly dependency ratio: 9.8 %
potential support ratio: 10.2 (2013)
Median agetotal: 27.7 years
male: 26.6 years
female: 28.8 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate1.07% (2013 est.)
Birth rate18.61 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate4.94 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate-2.99 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 78% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 1.2% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
note: Mexico City is the second-largest urban agglomeration in the Western Hemisphere, after Sao Paulo (Brazil), but before New York-Newark (US)
Major cities - populationMEXICO CITY (capital) 19.319 million; Guadalajara 4.338 million; Monterrey 3.838 million; Puebla 2.278 million; Tijuana 1.629 million (2009)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.86 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth21.3
note: Median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2006 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 16.26 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 18.04 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 14.38 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 76.86 years
male: 74.03 years
female: 79.83 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate2.25 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate70.9% (2006)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.3% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS220,000 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 97% of population
rural: 91% of population
total: 96% of population
unimproved:
urban: 3% of population
rural: 9% of population
total: 4% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 87% of population
rural: 79% of population
total: 85% of population
unimproved:
urban: 13% of population
rural: 21% of population
total: 15% of population (2010 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea and hepatitis A
vectorborne disease: dengue fever (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Mexican(s)
adjective: Mexican
Ethnic groupsmestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) 60%, Amerindian or predominantly Amerindian 30%, white 9%, other 1%
ReligionsRoman Catholic 82.7%, Protestant 1.6%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.4%, other Evangelical Churches 5%, other 1.9%, none 4.7%, unspecified 2.7% (2000 census)
LanguagesSpanish only 92.7%, Spanish and indigenous languages 5.7%, indigenous only 0.8%, unspecified 0.8%
note: indigenous languages include various Mayan, Nahuatl, and other regional languages (2005)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 93.5%
male: 94.8%
female: 92.3% (2011 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 14 years
male: 14 years
female: 14 years (2011)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 1,105,617
percentage: 5 % (2009 est.)
Education expenditures5.3% of GDP (2009)
Maternal mortality rate50 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight3.4% (2006)
Health expenditures6.4% of GDP (2009)
Physicians density1.96 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density1.7 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate32.1% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of February 21, 2013