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Mexico Demographics Profile 2014

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Population120,286,655 (July 2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 27.9% (male 17,188,577/female 16,423,421)
15-24 years: 18.1% (male 10,999,445/female 10,741,999)
25-54 years: 40.4% (male 23,385,321/female 25,200,511)
55-64 years: 7% (male 3,850,792/female 4,527,074)
65 years and over: 6.6% (male 3,594,675/female 4,374,840) (2014 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 52.7 %
youth dependency ratio: 42.7 %
elderly dependency ratio: 10.1 %
potential support ratio: 9.9 (2014 est.)
Median agetotal: 27.3 years
male: 26.3 years
female: 28.4 years (2014 est.)
Population growth rate1.21% (2014 est.)
Birth rate19.02 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate5.24 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Net migration rate-1.64 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 78.1% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 1.49% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationMEXICO CITY (capital) 20.446 million; Guadalajara 4.525 million; Monterrey 4.213 million; Puebla 2.335 million; Tijuana 1.82 million; Toluca de Lerdo 1.748 million (2011)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth21.3
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2006 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 12.58 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 14 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 11.08 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 75.43 years
male: 72.67 years
female: 78.32 years (2014 est.)
Total fertility rate2.29 children born/woman (2014 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate70.9% (2006)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.2% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS174,300 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Drinking water source96.1improved:
urban: 95.9% of population
rural: 90.8% of population
total: 94.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 3.9% of population
rural: 9.2% of population
total: 5.1% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 87% of population
rural: 79% of population
total: 85.3% of population
unimproved:
urban: 13% of population
rural: 21% of population
total: 14.7% of population (2012 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea and hepatitis A
vectorborne disease: dengue fever (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Mexican(s)
adjective: Mexican
Ethnic groupsmestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) 60%, Amerindian or predominantly Amerindian 30%, white 9%, other 1%
ReligionsRoman Catholic 82.7%, Pentecostal 1.6%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.4%, other Evangelical Churches 5%, other 1.9%, none 4.7%, unspecified 2.7% (2010 est.)
LanguagesSpanish only 92.7%, Spanish and indigenous languages 5.7%, indigenous only 0.8%, unspecified 0.8%
note: indigenous languages include various Mayan, Nahuatl, and other regional languages (2005)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 93.5%
male: 94.8%
female: 92.3% (2011 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 13 years (2011)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 1,105,617
percentage: 5 % (2009 est.)
Education expenditures5.1% of GDP (2009)
Maternal mortality rate50 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight2.8% (2012)
Health expenditures6.4% of GDP (2009)
Physicians density1.96 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density1.7 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate32.1% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of August 23, 2014