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Mexico Demographics Profile 2016

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Population123,166,749 (July 2016 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 27.26% (male 17,167,636/female 16,402,301)
15-24 years: 17.72% (male 11,049,818/female 10,770,843)
25-54 years: 40.69% (male 24,174,900/female 25,938,909)
55-64 years: 7.41% (male 4,187,644/female 4,944,802)
65 years and over: 6.93% (male 3,827,870/female 4,702,026) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 51.7%
youth dependency ratio: 41.9%
elderly dependency ratio: 9.8%
potential support ratio: 10.2% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 28 years
male: 26.9 years
female: 29.1 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate1.15% (2016 est.)
Birth rate18.5 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate5.3 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-1.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 79.2% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 1.57% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationMEXICO CITY (capital) 20.999 million; Guadalajara 4.843 million; Monterrey 4.513 million; Puebla 2.984 million; Toluca de Lerdo 2.164 million; Tijuana 1.987 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.85 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
total population: 0.81 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth21.3 (2008 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 11.9 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 13.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 10.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 75.9 years
male: 73.1 years
female: 78.8 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate2.25 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate72.5% (2009)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.24% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS198,200 (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths4,000 (2015 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 97.2% of population
rural: 92.1% of population
total: 96.1% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2.8% of population
rural: 7.9% of population
total: 3.9% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 88% of population
rural: 74.5% of population
total: 85.2% of population
unimproved:
urban: 12% of population
rural: 25.5% of population
total: 14.8% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea and hepatitis A
vectorborne disease: dengue fever
note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Mexican(s)
adjective: Mexican
Ethnic groupsmestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) 62%, predominantly Amerindian 21%, Amerindian 7%, other 10% (mostly European)
note: Mexico does not collect census data on ethnicity (2012 est.)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 82.7%, Pentecostal 1.6%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.4%, other Evangelical Churches 5%, other 1.9%, none 4.7%, unspecified 2.7% (2010 est.)
LanguagesSpanish only 92.7%, Spanish and indigenous languages 5.7%, indigenous only 0.8%, unspecified 0.8%
note: indigenous languages include various Mayan, Nahuatl, and other regional languages (2005)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 95.1%
male: 96.2%
female: 94.2% (2012 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 13 years (2014)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 1,105,617
percentage: 5% (2009 est.)
Education expenditures5.2% of GDP (2011)
Maternal mortality rate38 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight2.8% (2012)
Health expenditures6.3% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density2.1 physicians/1,000 population (2011)
Hospital bed density1.5 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate27.6% (2014)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on October 8, 2016

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