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Lesotho Geography Profile 2017

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LocationSouthern Africa, an enclave of South Africa
Geographic coordinates29 30 S, 28 30 E
Map referencesAfrica
Areatotal: 30,355 sq km
land: 30,355 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly smaller than Maryland
Land boundariestotal: 1,106 km
border countries (1): South Africa 1,106 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claimsnone (landlocked)
Climatetemperate; cool to cold, dry winters; hot, wet summers
Terrainmostly highland with plateaus, hills, and mountains
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 2,161 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: junction of the Orange and Makhaleng Rivers 1,400 m
highest point: Thabana Ntlenyana 3,482 m
Natural resourceswater, agricultural and grazing land, diamonds, sand, clay, building stone
Land useagricultural land: 76.1%
arable land 10.1%; permanent crops 0.1%; permanent pasture 65.9%
forest: 1.5%
other: 22.4% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land30 sq km (2012)
Natural hazardsperiodic droughts
Environment - current issuespopulation pressure forcing settlement in marginal areas results in overgrazing, severe soil erosion, and soil exhaustion; desertification; Highlands Water Project controls, stores, and redirects water to South Africa
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notelandlocked, completely surrounded by South Africa; mountainous, more than 80% of the country is 1,800 m above sea level

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on July 9, 2017

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