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Lao People's Democratic Republic
  • ສາທາລະນະລັດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວ
  • Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxon Lao
FlagEmblem
Motto: ສັນຕິພາບ ເອກະລາດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ເອກະພາບ ວັດທະນາຖາວອນ
"Peace, independence, democracy, unity and prosperity"
Anthem: Pheng Xat Lao
Lao National Anthem
Location of  Laos  (green)in ASEAN  (dark grey)  –  [Legend]
Location of  Laos  (green)

in ASEAN  (dark grey)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Vientiane
17°58′N102°36′E / 17.967°N 102.600°E / 17.967; 102.600
Official languagesLao
Recognised national languagesFrench
Spoken languages
Ethnic groups (2005[1])
ReligionBuddhism
DemonymLaotian
Lao
GovernmentMarxist-Leninistsingle-party state
 - PresidentChoummaly Sayasone
 - Prime MinisterThongsing Thammavong
 - President of the
National Assembly
Pany Yathotou
 - President of
Construction
Sisavath Keobounphanh
LegislatureNational Assembly
Formation
 - Kingdom of Lan Xang1354–1707 
 - Luang Phrabang, Vientiane and Champasak1707–1778 
 - Vassal of Thonburi and Siam1778–893 
 - War of Succession1826–8 
 - French Indochina1893–1949 
 - Independence from France19 July 1949 
 - Declared Independence22 Oct 1953 
Area
 - Total236,800 km2 (84th)
91,428.991 sq mi
 - Water (%)2
Population
 - 2014 (Jul) estimate6,803,699 [2] (104th)
 - 1995 census4,574,848
 - Density26.7/km2 (177th)
69.2/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2013 estimate
 - TotalUS$20.78 billion[3]
 - Per capitaUS$3,100[3]
GDP (nominal)2013 estimate
 - TotalUS$11.14 billion[3]
 - Per capitaUS$1,646[3]
Gini (2008)36.7[4]
medium
HDI (2013)Steady 0.498[5]
low ·139th
CurrencyKip (LAK)
Time zoneICT
Drives on theright
Calling code+856
ISO 3166 codeLA
Internet TLD.la
a.Including over 100 smaller ethnic groups.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of June 30, 2015


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