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Laos Demographics Profile 2014

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Population6,803,699 (July 2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 34.8% (male 1,195,364/female 1,173,520)
15-24 years: 21.3% (male 719,205/female 728,729)
25-54 years: 35% (male 1,176,018/female 1,208,452)
55-64 years: 5.1% (male 169,291/female 175,815)
65 years and over: 3.8% (male 116,299/female 141,006) (2014 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 62.6 %
youth dependency ratio: 56.4 %
elderly dependency ratio: 6.2 %
potential support ratio: 16.1 (2014 est.)
Median agetotal: 22 years
male: 21.7 years
female: 22.3 years (2014 est.)
Population growth rate1.59% (2014 est.)
Birth rate24.76 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate7.74 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Net migration rate-1.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 34.3% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 4.41% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationVIENTIANE (capital) 810,000 (2011)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 54.53 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 60.19 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 48.64 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 63.51 years
male: 61.54 years
female: 65.56 years (2014 est.)
Total fertility rate2.9 children born/woman (2014 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate38.4% (2005)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.3% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS11,500 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths400 (2012 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 83.7% of population
rural: 64.9% of population
total: 71.5% of population
unimproved:
urban: 16.3% of population
rural: 35.1% of population
total: 28.5% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 90.4% of population
rural: 50.5% of population
total: 64.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 9.6% of population
rural: 49.5% of population
total: 35.4% of population (2012 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Lao(s) or Laotian(s)
adjective: Lao or Laotian
Ethnic groupsLao 55%, Khmou 11%, Hmong 8%, other (over 100 minor ethnic groups) 26% (2005 census)
ReligionsBuddhist 67%, Christian 1.5%, other and unspecified 31.5% (2005 census)
LanguagesLao (official), French, English, various ethnic languages
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 72.7%
male: 82.5%
female: 63.2% (2005 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 10 years
male: 11 years
female: 10 years (2012)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 175,138
percentage: 11 % (2006 est.)
Education expenditures2.8% of GDP (2010)
Maternal mortality rate470 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight31.6% (2006)
Health expenditures2.8% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.19 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density0.7 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate2.6% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of August 23, 2014