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Laos Demographics Profile 2016

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Population7,019,073 (July 2016 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 33.4% (male 1,184,344/female 1,159,731)
15-24 years: 21.29% (male 742,073/female 751,983)
25-54 years: 36.1% (male 1,250,108/female 1,283,834)
55-64 years: 5.36% (male 184,183/female 192,298)
65 years and over: 3.85% (male 122,485/female 148,034) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 62.8%
youth dependency ratio: 56.6%
elderly dependency ratio: 6.2%
potential support ratio: 16.1% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 22.7 years
male: 22.4 years
female: 23 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate1.53% (2016 est.)
Birth rate23.9 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate7.5 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-1.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 38.6% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 4.93% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationVIENTIANE (capital) 997,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.83 male(s)/female
total population: 0.83 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 51.4 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 56.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 45.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 64.3 years
male: 62.2 years
female: 66.4 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate2.76 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate49.8% (2011/12)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.26% (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS11,100 (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths500 (2014 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 85.6% of population
rural: 69.4% of population
total: 75.7% of population
unimproved:
urban: 14.4% of population
rural: 30.6% of population
total: 24.3% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 94.5% of population
rural: 56% of population
total: 70.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 5.5% of population
rural: 44% of population
total: 29.1% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Lao(s) or Laotian(s)
adjective: Lao or Laotian
Ethnic groupsLao 54.6%, Khmou 10.9%, Hmong 8%, Tai 3.8%, Phuthai 3.3%, Lue 2.2%, Katang 2.1%, Makong 2.1%, Akha 1.6%, other 10.4%, unspecified 1% (2005 est.)
ReligionsBuddhist 66.8%, Christian 1.5%, other 31%, unspecified 0.7% (2005 est.)
LanguagesLao (official), French, English, various ethnic languages
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 79.9%
male: 87.1%
female: 72.8% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 10 years (2014)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 175,138
percentage: 11% (2006 est.)
Education expenditures4.2% of GDP (2014)
Maternal mortality rate197 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight26.5% (2012)
Health expenditures1.9% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.18 physicians/1,000 population (2012)
Hospital bed density1.5 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate3% (2014)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on October 8, 2016

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