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Japan
日本国 (Japanese)
Nippon-koku
Nihon-koku
Anthem: 

"His Imperial Majesty's Reign"[2][3]
Government Seal of Japan
  • Seal of the Office of the Prime Minister and the Government of Japan
  • Go-Shichi no Kiri(五七桐)
Projection of Asia with Japan's Area coloured green
Area controlled by Japan shown in green
Capital
and largest city
Tokyo[4]
35°41′N139°46′E / 35.683°N 139.767°E / 35.683; 139.767
Official languagesNone[5]
Recognised regional languages
National languageJapanese[7]
Ethnic groups(2011[8])
Religion
DemonymJapanese
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentaryconstitutional monarchy
• Emperor
Akihito
Shinzō Abe
Tarō Asō
LegislatureNational Diet
House of Councillors
House of Representatives
Formation
February 11, 660 BCE[10]
November 29, 1890
May 3, 1947
April 28, 1952
August 13, 1999
Area
• Total
377,972 km2 (145,936 sq mi)[11] (62nd)
• Water (%)
0.8
Population
• 2017 census
126,740,000[12] (11th)
• Density
336/km2 (870.2/sq mi) (36th)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$5.420 trillion[13] (4th)
• Per capita
$42,860[13] (27th)
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$4.841 trillion[13] (3rd)
• Per capita
$38,281[13] (20th)
Gini (2008)37.6[14]
medium · 76th
HDI (2015)Increase 0.903[15]
very high · 17th
CurrencyYen (¥) / En (JPY)
Time zoneJST(UTC+9)
• Summer (DST)
not observed (UTC+9)
Date format
  • yyyy-mm-dd
  • yyyy年m月d日
  • Era yy年m月d日 (CE−1988)
Drives on theleft
Calling code+81
ISO 3166 codeJP
Internet TLD.jp

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 9, 2017


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