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Japan
  • 日本国
  • Nippon-koku
  • Nihon-koku
Centered red circle on a white rectangle.Golden circle subdivided by golden wedges with rounded outer edges and thin black outlines.
FlagImperial Seal
Anthem: 

Government Seal of Japan
  • Seal of the Office of the Prime Minister and the Government of Japan
  • 五七桐 (Go-Shichi no Kiri?)
CapitalTokyo
35°41′N139°46′E / 35.683°N 139.767°E / 35.683; 139.767
Official languagesNone[1]
Recognised regional languages
National languageJapanese
Ethnic groups (2011[2])
DemonymJapanese
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentaryconstitutional monarchy
 - EmperorAkihito
 - Prime MinisterShinzō Abe
 - Deputy Prime MinisterTarō Asō
LegislatureNational Diet
 - Upper houseHouse of Councillors
 - Lower houseHouse of Representatives
Formation
 - National Foundation Day11 February 660 BC[3] 
 - Meiji ConstitutionNovember 29, 1890 
 - Current constitutionMay 3, 1947 
 - San Francisco
Peace Treaty
April 28, 1952 
Area
 - Total377,944 km2[4] (62nd)
145,925 sq mi
 - Water (%)0.8
Population
 - 2015 estimate126,880,000[5] (10th)
 - 2010 census128,056,026[6]
 - Density337.1/km2 (36th)
873.1/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
 - Total$4.843 trillion[7] (4th)
 - Per capita$38,216[7] (29th)
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
 - Total$4.210 trillion[7] (3rd)
 - Per capita$33,223[7] (25th)
Gini (2008)37.6[8]
medium ·76th
HDI (2013)Decrease 0.890[9]
very high ·17th
CurrencyYen (¥) / En (JPY)
Time zoneJST(UTC+9)
 - Summer (DST)not observed (UTC+9)
Date format
  • yyyy-mm-dd
  • yyyy年m月d日
  • Era yy年m月d日 (AD−1988)
Drives on theleft
Calling code+81
ISO 3166 codeJP
Internet TLD.jp

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of June 30, 2015


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