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Japan Demographics Profile 2014

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Population127,103,388 (July 2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 13.2% (male 8,681,728/female 8,132,809)
15-24 years: 9.7% (male 6,429,429/female 5,890,991)
25-54 years: 38.1% (male 23,953,643/female 24,449,655)
55-64 years: 13.2% (male 8,413,872/female 8,400,953)
65 years and over: 25.8% (male 14,218,655/female 18,531,653) (2014 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 63.3 %
youth dependency ratio: 21.2 %
elderly dependency ratio: 42.1 %
potential support ratio: 2.4 (2014 est.)
Median agetotal: 46.1 years
male: 44.8 years
female: 47.5 years (2014 est.)
Population growth rate-0.13% (2014 est.)
Birth rate8.07 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate9.38 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Net migration rate0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 91.3% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 0.57% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationTOKYO (capital) 37.217 million; Osaka-Kobe 11.494 million; Nagoya 3.328 million; Fukuoka-Kitakyushu 2.868 million; Sapporo 2.742 million; Sendai 2.428 million (2011)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.09 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth30.3 (2012 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 2.13 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 2.35 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 1.88 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 84.46 years
male: 81.13 years
female: 87.99 years (2014 est.)
Total fertility rate1.4 children born/woman (2014 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate54.3%
note: percent of women aged 20-49 (2005)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateless than 0.1% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS8,100 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsfewer than 100 (2009 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2012 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Japanese (singular and plural)
adjective: Japanese
Ethnic groupsJapanese 98.5%, Koreans 0.5%, Chinese 0.4%, other 0.6%
note: up to 230,000 Brazilians of Japanese origin migrated to Japan in the 1990s to work in industries; some have returned to Brazil (2004)
ReligionsShintoism 83.9%, Buddhism 71.4%, Christianity 2%, other 7.8%
note: total adherents exceeds 100% because many people belong to both Shintoism and Buddhism (2005)
LanguagesJapanese
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99%
male: 99%
female: 99% (2002)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 15 years (2011)
Education expenditures3.8% of GDP (2011)
Maternal mortality rate5 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Health expenditures9.3% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density2.14 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
Hospital bed density13.7 beds/1,000 population (2009)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate5% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of August 23, 2014