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Japan Demographics Profile 2013

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Population127,253,075 (July 2013 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 13.4% (male 8,808,568/female 8,204,514)
15-24 years: 9.7% (male 6,394,809/female 5,958,408)
25-54 years: 38.3% (male 24,149,308/female 24,588,409)
55-64 years: 13.8% (male 8,785,719/female 8,786,968)
65 years and over: 24.8% (male 13,656,792/female 17,919,580) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 61.6 %
youth dependency ratio: 21.1 %
elderly dependency ratio: 40.5 %
potential support ratio: 2.5 (2013)
Median agetotal: 45.8 years
male: 44.4 years
female: 47.2 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate-0.1% (2013 est.)
Birth rate8.23 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate9.27 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 91.3% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 0.57% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationTOKYO (capital) 36.507 million; Osaka-Kobe 11.325 million; Nagoya 3.257 million; Fukuoka-Kitakyushu 2.809 million; Sapporo 2.673 million (2009)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth29.4 (2007 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 2.17 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 2.4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 1.92 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 84.19 years
male: 80.85 years
female: 87.71 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate1.39 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate54.3%
note: percent of women aged 20-49 (2005)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateless than 0.1% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS8,100 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsfewer than 100 (2009 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population (2010 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Japanese (singular and plural)
adjective: Japanese
Ethnic groupsJapanese 98.5%, Koreans 0.5%, Chinese 0.4%, other 0.6%
note: up to 230,000 Brazilians of Japanese origin migrated to Japan in the 1990s to work in industries; some have returned to Brazil (2004)
ReligionsShintoism 83.9%, Buddhism 71.4%, Christianity 2%, other 7.8%
note: total adherents exceeds 100% because many people belong to both Shintoism and Buddhism (2005)
LanguagesJapanese
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99%
male: 99%
female: 99% (2002)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 15 years
male: 16 years
female: 15 years (2010)
Education expenditures3.8% of GDP (2010)
Maternal mortality rate5 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Health expenditures9.3% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density2.14 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
Hospital bed density13.7 beds/1,000 population (2009)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate5% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of February 21, 2013