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Indonesia Demographics Profile 2014

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Population253,609,643 (July 2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 26.2% (male 33,854,520/female 32,648,568)
15-24 years: 17.1% (male 22,067,716/female 21,291,548)
25-54 years: 42.3% (male 54,500,650/female 52,723,359)
55-64 years: 7.9% (male 9,257,637/female 10,780,724)
65 years and over: 6.5% (male 7,176,865/female 9,308,056) (2014 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 51 %
youth dependency ratio: 43 %
elderly dependency ratio: 8 %
potential support ratio: 12.5 (2014 est.)
Median agetotal: 29.2 years
male: 28.7 years
female: 29.8 years (2014 est.)
Population growth rate0.95% (2014 est.)
Birth rate17.04 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate6.34 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Net migration rate-1.18 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 50.7% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.45% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationJAKARTA (capital) 9.769 million; Surabaya 2.787 million; Bandung 2.429 million; Medan 2.118 million; Semarang 1.573 million; Palembang 1.455 million (2011)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth22.8
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2012 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 25.16 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 29.45 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 20.66 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 72.17 years
male: 69.59 years
female: 74.88 years (2014 est.)
Total fertility rate2.18 children born/woman (2014 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate61.9% (2012)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.4% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS605,500 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths26,800 (2012 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 93% of population
rural: 76.4% of population
total: 84.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 7% of population
rural: 23.6% of population
total: 15.1% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 71.4% of population
rural: 45.5% of population
total: 58.8% of population
unimproved:
urban: 28.6% of population
rural: 54.5% of population
total: 41.2% of population (2012 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Indonesian(s)
adjective: Indonesian
Ethnic groupsJavanese 40.1%, Sundanese 15.5%, Malay 3.7%, Batak 3.6%, Madurese 3%, Betawi 2.9%, Minangkabau 2.7%, Buginese 2.7%, Bantenese 2%, Banjarese 1.7%, Balinese 1.7%, Acehnese 1.4%, Dayak 1.4%, Sasak 1.3%, Chinese 1.2%, other 15% (2010 est.)
ReligionsMuslim 87.2%, Christian 7%, Roman Catholic 2.9%, Hindu 1.7%, other 0.9% (includes Buddhist and Confucian), unspecified 0.4% (2010 est.)
LanguagesBahasa Indonesia (official, modified form of Malay), English, Dutch, local dialects (of which the most widely spoken is Javanese)
note: more than 700 languages are used in Indonesia
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 92.8%
male: 95.6%
female: 90.1% (2011 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 13 years (2011)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 4,026,285
percentage: 7 %
note: data represents children ages 5-17 (2009 est.)
Education expenditures2.8% of GDP (2011)
Maternal mortality rate220 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight18.6% (2010)
Health expenditures2.7% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.2 physicians/1,000 population (2012)
Hospital bed density0.6 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate4.8% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of August 23, 2014