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Indonesia Demographics Profile 2013

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Population251,160,124 (July 2013 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 26.6% (male 34,049,541/female 32,844,509)
15-24 years: 17.1% (male 21,883,499/female 21,117,498)
25-54 years: 42.2% (male 53,766,202/female 52,325,932)
55-64 years: 7.6% (male 8,879,503/female 10,164,470)
65 years and over: 6.4% (male 7,038,904/female 9,090,066) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 51.8 %
youth dependency ratio: 43.8 %
elderly dependency ratio: 7.9 %
potential support ratio: 12.6 (2013)
Median agetotal: 28.9 years
male: 28.4 years
female: 29.5 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate0.99% (2013 est.)
Birth rate17.38 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate6.31 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate-1.19 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 50.7% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.45% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationJAKARTA (capital) 9.121 million; Surabaya 2.509 million; Bandung 2.412 million; Medan 2.131 million; Semarang 1.296 million (2009)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.89 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth22.5 (2007 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 26.06 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 30.47 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 21.42 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 71.9 years
male: 69.33 years
female: 74.59 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate2.2 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate61.9% (2012)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.2% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS310,000 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths8,300 (2009 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 92% of population
rural: 74% of population
total: 82% of population
unimproved:
urban: 8% of population
rural: 26% of population
total: 18% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 73% of population
rural: 39% of population
total: 54% of population
unimproved:
urban: 27% of population
rural: 61% of population
total: 46% of population (2010 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Indonesian(s)
adjective: Indonesian
Ethnic groupsJavanese 40.6%, Sundanese 15%, Madurese 3.3%, Minangkabau 2.7%, Betawi 2.4%, Bugis 2.4%, Banten 2%, Banjar 1.7%, other or unspecified 29.9% (2000 census)
ReligionsMuslim 86.1%, Protestant 5.7%, Roman Catholic 3%, Hindu 1.8%, other or unspecified 3.4% (2000 census)
LanguagesBahasa Indonesia (official, modified form of Malay), English, Dutch, local dialects (of which the most widely spoken is Javanese)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 92.8%
male: 95.6%
female: 90.1% (2011 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 13 years (2011)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 4,026,285
percentage: 7 %
note: data represents children ages 5-17 (2009 est.)
Education expenditures3% of GDP (2010)
Maternal mortality rate220 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight19.6% (2007)
Health expenditures2.7% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.204 physicians/1,000 population (2012)
Hospital bed density0.6 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate4.8% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of February 21, 2013