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Icelandic Republic[citation needed]
Lýðveldið Ísland  (Icelandic)[1][2]

FlagCoat of arms
Anthem: "Lofsöngur"
Capital
and largest city
Reykjavík
64°08′N21°56′W / 64.133°N 21.933°W / 64.133; -21.933
Official language
and national language
Icelandic
Ethnic groups (2014[3])
ReligionEvangelical Lutheranism[4]
DemonymIcelander
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentaryconstitutional republic
 - PresidentÓlafur Ragnar Grímsson
 - Prime MinisterSigmundur Davíð Gunnlaugsson
 - Speaker of ParliamentEinar Kristinn Guðfinnsson
 - President of Supreme CourtMarkús Sigurbjörnsson
LegislatureAlthing
Formation
 - Settlement9th century 
 - Commonwealth930–1262 
 - Union with Norway1262–1814 
 - Danish monarchy1380–1944 
 - Constitution5 January 1874 
 - Kingdom1 December 1918 
 - Republic17 June 1944 
Area
 - Total102,775[5] km2 (108th)
39,699 sq mi
 - Water (%)2.7
Population
 - 1 January 2015 estimate329,100[a] (182nd)
 - Density3.2/km2 (233rd)
8.29/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
 - Total$14.488 billion[6] (142nd)
 - Per capita$44,575[6] (23rd)
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
 - Total$17.216 billion[6]
 - Per capita$52,967[6] (16th)
Gini (2013)24.0[7]
low
HDI (2013)Steady 0.895[8]
very high ·13th
CurrencyIcelandic króna (ISK)
Time zoneGMT(UTC​)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Drives on theright
Calling code+354
Patron saintSaint Thorlak
ISO 3166 codeIS
Internet TLD.is
a.^"Statistics Iceland: Key figures". Statistics Iceland. 1 January 2014. Retrieved 30 March 2014. 
b.^"CIA – The World Factbook – Field Listing – Distribution of family income – Gini index". United States government. Retrieved 14 September 2008. 

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of June 30, 2015


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