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Guyana Demographics Profile 2013

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Population739,903 (July 2013 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Age structure0-14 years: 30.2% (male 113,724/female 109,643)
15-24 years: 20.7% (male 78,798/female 74,202)
25-54 years: 36.9% (male 138,167/female 134,695)
55-64 years: 7.2% (male 22,772/female 30,358)
65 years and over: 5.1% (male 15,276/female 22,268) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 65.3 %
youth dependency ratio: 59.6 %
elderly dependency ratio: 5.7 %
potential support ratio: 17.7 (2013)
Median agetotal: 24.5 years
male: 23.7 years
female: 25.3 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate-0.21% (2013 est.)
Birth rate16.31 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate7.18 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate-11.21 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 29% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 0.5% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationGEORGETOWN (capital) 132,000 (2009)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.75 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.69 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth20.8
note: Median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2009 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 34.45 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 38.59 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 30.09 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 67.68 years
male: 63.83 years
female: 71.72 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate2.21 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate42.5% (2009)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate1.2% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS5,900 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsfewer than 500 (2009 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 98% of population
rural: 93% of population
total: 94% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2% of population
rural: 7% of population
total: 6% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 88% of population
rural: 82% of population
total: 84% of population
unimproved:
urban: 12% of population
rural: 18% of population
total: 16% of population (2010 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Guyanese (singular and plural)
adjective: Guyanese
Ethnic groupsEast Indian 43.5%, black (African) 30.2%, mixed 16.7%, Amerindian 9.1%, other 0.5% (2002 census)
ReligionsProtestant 30.5% (Pentecostal 16.9%, Anglican 6.9%, Seventh-Day Adventist 5%, Methodist 1.7%), Hindu 28.4%, Roman Catholic 8.1%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.1%, Muslim 7.2%, other Christian 17.7%, other 4.3%, none 4.3% (2002 census)
Demographic profileGuyana is the only English-speaking country in South America and shares cultural and historical bonds with the Anglophone Caribbean. Guyana's two largest ethnic groups are the Afro-Guyanese (descendants of African slaves) and the Indo-Guyanese (descendants of Indian indentured laborers), which together comprise about three quarters of Guyana's population. Tensions periodically have boiled over between the two groups, which back ethnically based political parties and vote along ethnic lines. Poverty reduction has stagnated since the late 1990s. About one-third of the Guyanese population lives below the poverty line; indigenous people are disproportionately affected. Although Guyana's literacy rate is reported to be among the highest in the Western Hemisphere, the level of functional literacy is considerably lower, which has been attributed to poor education quality, teacher training, and infrastructure.
Guyana's emigration rate is among the highest in the world - more than 55% of its citizens reside abroad - and it is one of the largest recipients of remittances relative to GDP among Latin American and Caribbean counties. Although remittances are a vital source of income for most citizens, the pervasive emigration of skilled workers deprives Guyana of professionals in healthcare and other key sectors. More than 80% of Guyanese nationals with tertiary level educations have emigrated. Brain drain and the concentration of limited medical resources in Georgetown hamper Guyana's ability to meet the health needs of its predominantly rural population. Guyana has one of the highest HIV prevalence rates in the region and continues to rely on international support for its HIV treatment and prevention programs.
LanguagesEnglish, Amerindian dialects, Creole, Caribbean Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), Urdu
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
total population: 91.8%
male: 92%
female: 91.6% (2002 Census)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 11 years
male: 10 years
female: 11 years (2011)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 30,255
percentage: 16 % (2006 est.)
Education expenditures3.6% of GDP (2011)
Maternal mortality rate280 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight11.1% (2009)
Health expenditures5.9% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.214 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Hospital bed density2 beds/1,000 population (2009)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate17.2% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of February 21, 2013