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Hellenic Republic
Ελληνική Δημοκρατία
Ellinikí Dimokratía  (Greek)
Motto: «Ελευθερία ή Θάνατος»(traditional)
"Freedom or Death"
Location of  Greece  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]
Location of  Greece  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Athens
37°58′N23°43′E / 37.967°N 23.717°E / 37.967; 23.717
Official language
and national language
Greek
ReligionGreek Orthodoxy (prevailing faith)
Demonym
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentary
constitutional republic
Prokopis Pavlopoulos
Alexis Tsipras
Nikos Voutsis
LegislatureHellenic Parliament
Formation of modern Greece
25 March 1821 (traditional starting date of the Greek War of Independence), 15 January 1822 (official declaration in the First National Assembly at Epidaurus)
3 February 1830
11 June 1975
Area
• Total
131,957 km2 (50,949 sq mi)[1] (97th)
• Water (%)
0.8669
Population
• 2015 estimate
10,955,000[2]
• 2011 census
10,816,286[3] (80th)
• Density
82[4]/km2 (212.4/sq mi) (120th)
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
• Total
$289.398 billion[5] (57th)
• Per capita
$26,669[5] (47th)
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
• Total
$194.248 billion[5] (52nd)
• Per capita
$17,901[5] (38th)
Gini (2016)Negative increase 34.3[6]
medium
HDI (2015)Increase 0.866[7]
very high · 29th
CurrencyEuro () (EUR)
Time zoneEET(UTC+2)
• Summer (DST)
EEST (UTC+3)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Drives on theright
Calling code+30
ISO 3166 codeGR
Internet TLD.gra
.ελ
  1. The .eu domain is also used, as in other European Union member states.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 9, 2017


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