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Germany Demographics Profile 2016

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Population80,722,792 (July 2016 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 12.83% (male 5,317,183/female 5,040,664)
15-24 years: 10.22% (male 4,203,985/female 4,044,789)
25-54 years: 40.96% (male 16,721,667/female 16,345,911)
55-64 years: 14.23% (male 5,695,117/female 5,788,493)
65 years and over: 21.76% (male 7,709,799/female 9,855,184) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 51.8%
youth dependency ratio: 19.6%
elderly dependency ratio: 32.2%
potential support ratio: 3.1% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 46.8 years
male: 45.7 years
female: 47.9 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate-0.16% (2016 est.)
Birth rate8.5 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate11.6 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate1.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 75.3% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 0.16% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationBERLIN (capital) 3.563 million; Hamburg 1.831 million; Munich 1.438 million; Cologne 1.037 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female
total population: 0.78 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth29.2 (2012 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 3.4 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 80.7 years
male: 78.4 years
female: 83.1 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.44 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate66.2%
note: percent of women aged 18-49 (2005)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.15% (2013 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS77,500 (2013 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths400 (2013 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 99.3% of population
rural: 99% of population
total: 99.2% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.7% of population
rural: 1% of population
total: 0.8% of population (2015 est.)
Nationalitynoun: German(s)
adjective: German
Ethnic groupsGerman 91.5%, Turkish 2.4%, other 6.1% (made up largely of Greek, Italian, Polish, Russian, Serbo-Croatian, Spanish)
ReligionsProtestant 34%, Roman Catholic 34%, Muslim 3.7%, unaffiliated or other 28.3%
LanguagesGerman (official)
note: Danish, Frisian, Sorbian, and Romany are official minority languages; Low German, Danish, North Frisian, Sater Frisian, Lower Sorbian, Upper Sorbian, and Romany are recognized as regional languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 17 years
male: 17 years
female: 17 years (2014)
Education expenditures4.9% of GDP (2012)
Maternal mortality rate6 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight1.1% (2006)
Health expenditures11.3% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density3.89 physicians/1,000 population (2012)
Hospital bed density8.2 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate22.7% (2014)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on October 8, 2016

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