Definition: This entry gives a figure for the average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their childbearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate (TFR) is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population change in the country. A rate of two children per woman is considered the replacement rate for a population, resulting in relative stability in terms of total numbers. Rates above two children indicate populations growing in size and whose median age is declining. Higher rates may also indicate difficulties for families, in some situations, to feed and educate their children and for women to enter the labor force. Rates below two children indicate populations decreasing in size and growing older. Global fertility rates are in general decline and this trend is most pronounced in industrialized countries, especially Western Europe, where populations are projected to decline dramatically over the next 50 years.
Source: CIA World Factbook - Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of January 1, 2012See also: Total fertility rate map
Did Russia Really Boost Its Birthrate by Promising New Mothers Prize Money and Refrigerators?
Slate - 10/13/2014 6:32:10 PM
A family at Moscow's Sheremetyevo Airport. Russia is hardly the only country with worries about population decline—birthrates are falling below the replacement fertility rate in nearly every industrialized country in the world. Russia, though ...
Children Are Below Poverty Line Even In World’s Affluent Countries – UNICEF
International Business Times - 10/30/2014 10:26:43 AM
Even the children living in the world's most affluent of countries are sunk below in the poverty line since 2008, a report from UNICEF found. A total of 2.6 million children ... UNICEF warns that with the high rate of unemployment among young people ...
Egypt's birth rate dramatically rises since 2008
Jackson Hole News&Guide Newspaper - 10/29/2014 5:55:53 AM
CAIRO (AP) — Egypt’s fertility rate, which has been falling since at least 1980 ... The news raises serious economic concerns for the Arab world’s most populous country, whose economy has been staggering since its 2011 revolt.
Cuba tries to drive up fertility amid baby slump
San Francisco Gate - 10/29/2014 3:54:12 AM
"Now we're taking action to improve sexual and reproductive health, which can help drive up the country's birth rate." Cuba's baby problem is a ... according to a 2009 poll on fertility by National Office of Information and Statistics.
Can 11 billion people survive on this planet? (Wait, 11 billion?)
Seattle Post Intelligencer - 10/4/2014 11:57:48 PM
That’s 11 billion people total, according to a new study by the University ... According to the study, world population projections are based on life expectancy and fertility rates. If either changes, the projections shift. Africa has some of the highest ...
Ebola Virus Disease in West Africa — The First 9 Months of the Epidemic and Forward Projections
The New England Journal of Medicine - 10/22/2014 12:09:15 PM
By September 14, 2014, a total of 4507 probable ... estimates that differ among countries (Table 2). These discrepancies perhaps reflect the challenges of clinical follow-up and data capture. The lower case fatality rate among hospitalized patients than ...
A World With 11 Billion People? New Population Projections Shatter Earlier Estimates
National Geographic - 9/18/2014 10:22:15 PM
... country's total fertility—the number of children the average woman bears in her lifetime—is the key variable in the "demographic transition" that every developing country is expected to go through. At the outset of the transition, high death rates ...
Earth’s Population Could Reach 12.3 Billion by 2100, Scientists Say
sci-news.com - 9/19/2014 5:13:15 PM
“In a given year and country the fertility rate might be half a child higher, but the probability that it would be half a child higher in all countries in all years in the future is very low.” “Rising population could exacerbate world problems such ...
World population to keep growing this century, hit 11 billion by 2100
washington.edu - 9/19/2014 10:18:04 AM
That method, Raftery said, generates too great a range. “In a given year and country the fertility rate might be half a child higher, but the probability that it would be half a child higher in all countries in all years in the future is very low ...
Ebola appears to be slowing in Liberia, says World Health Organisation
Sydney Morning Herald - 10/30/2014 7:13:26 AM
Yes, we are seeing slowing rate of new cases, very definitely ... The goal is to set up 56 Ebola treatment centres across the three worst-hit countries, for a total of 4700 beds, Dr Aylward said. Only 15 centres with 1047 beds are fully functional ...
It's not a small world after all: world population will soar
Philadelphia Daily News - 9/19/2014 9:49:26 AM
Raftery said the researchers used data on population, fertility, mortality and migration from every country and then predicted future rates using new statistical models. Some of the figures, such as the median projection of the population hitting 10.9 ...
World Should Prepare for 11 Billion or More People
Scientific American - 9/18/2014 11:55:18 PM
Still, "the total population may continue to grow ... to aid family planning than even providing money for contraceptives does. The countries with the highest fertility rates also have high rates of girls failing to receive an education.
Child poverty on the rise, even in rich EU countries
EurActiv.com - 10/29/2014 7:50:25 AM
bringing the total number of children in the developed world living in poverty to an estimated 76.5 million. In 23 of the 41 affluent countries analysed, child poverty has increased since 2008. In Ireland, Croatia, Latvia, Greece and Iceland, rates rose by ...
World's population to reach 11 billion by 2100
Times of India - 9/19/2014 5:27:34 PM
The main reason is that birth rates in sub ... part due to higher fertility and a recent slowdown in the pace of fertility decline. Also, the ratio of working age people to older people is likely to decline substantially in all countries, even those ...
76.5-M children plunged into poverty in rich countries since 2008 - UNICEF
interaksyon.com - 10/29/2014 1:02:24 AM
GENEVA -- The United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF) on Tuesday said in a report that 2.6 million more children have sunk below the poverty line in the world's most affluent countries since 2008, bringing the total number of ...