Children in employment, wage workers, female (% of female children in employment, ages 7-14) - Country Ranking

Definition: Wage workers (also known as employees) are people who hold explicit (written or oral) or implicit employment contracts that provide basic remuneration that does not depend directly on the revenue of the unit for which they work.

Source: Understanding Children's Work project based on data from ILO, UNICEF and the World Bank.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Egypt 72.09 2009
2 Trinidad and Tobago 53.56 2006
3 Bangladesh 43.81 2013
4 Uruguay 36.73 2009
5 Brazil 36.24 2013
6 Mexico 34.80 2013
7 Turkey 34.57 2006
8 Dominican Republic 32.73 2012
9 India 32.63 2012
10 Zimbabwe 30.00 1999
11 Tajikistan 25.24 2005
12 Paraguay 25.17 2014
13 Rwanda 25.04 2011
14 Jordan 23.31 2007
15 Macedonia 21.87 2011
16 Cambodia 20.44 2012
17 Guatemala 19.50 2014
18 Philippines 17.20 2011
19 Belarus 17.13 2012
20 Jamaica 16.64 2011
21 Honduras 16.11 2014
22 Indonesia 15.66 2010
23 Tunisia 15.54 2012
24 Thailand 15.04 2006
25 Nigeria 13.57 2011
26 Sudan 13.53 2008
27 Argentina 13.34 2012
28 Mauritania 12.98 2011
29 Swaziland 12.92 2010
30 Syrian Arab Republic 12.48 2006
31 Afghanistan 11.77 2011
32 Venezuela 11.29 2013
33 El Salvador 10.63 2013
34 Madagascar 8.96 2007
35 Nicaragua 7.99 2012
36 Malawi 7.38 2006
37 Pakistan 7.31 2011
38 Vietnam 7.26 2012
39 South Africa 6.89 1999
40 Niger 6.67 2012
41 Costa Rica 6.60 2011
42 Chad 6.55 2010
43 Colombia 6.36 2014
44 Dem. Rep. Congo 6.20 2010
45 Panama 6.08 2014
46 Iraq 6.04 2011
47 Ukraine 5.64 2012
48 Peru 5.09 2007
49 Bolivia 5.06 2013
50 Burundi 5.04 2010
51 Angola 4.80 2001
52 Georgia 4.79 2006
53 Gabon 4.66 2012
54 Côte d'Ivoire 4.65 2012
55 Uzbekistan 4.47 2006
56 Benin 4.42 2012
57 Congo 3.97 2012
58 Kazakhstan 3.83 2006
58 Lao PDR 3.83 2010
60 Haiti 3.42 2012
61 Ethiopia 3.32 2011
62 Zambia 3.29 2008
63 Bosnia and Herzegovina 3.26 2006
64 Namibia 3.20 1999
65 Ecuador 3.03 2015
66 Guinea-Bissau 3.00 2006
67 Mali 2.95 2013
68 Mozambique 2.68 2008
69 Togo 2.63 2010
70 Somalia 2.44 2006
71 Sri Lanka 2.38 2009
72 Serbia 2.31 2005
73 Lesotho 2.25 2000
74 Central African Republic 2.22 2010
75 Senegal 1.90 2011
76 Guinea 1.88 2012
77 Cameroon 1.86 2011
78 Uganda 1.72 2012
79 Nepal 1.69 2008
80 Azerbaijan 1.60 2005
81 Burkina Faso 1.48 2010
82 Tanzania 1.32 2014
83 Yemen 1.30 2010
84 Moldova 0.86 2009
85 Liberia 0.40 2010
86 Sierra Leone 0.39 2013
87 Kyrgyz Republic 0.37 2007
88 Ghana 0.30 2012
89 Mongolia 0.14 2007
90 Albania 0.00 2010

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Limitations and Exceptions: Data are from household surveys by the International Labor Organization (ILO), the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), the World Bank, and national statistical offices. The surveys yield data on education, employment, health, expenditure, and consumption indicators related to children's work. Household survey data generally include information on work type - for example, whether a child is working for payment in cash or in kind or is involved in unpaid work, working for someone who is not a member of the household, or involved in any type of family work (on the farm or in a business). Although efforts are made to harmonize the definition of employment and the questions on employment in survey questionnaires, significant differences remain in the survey instruments that collect data on children in employment and in the sampling design underlying the surveys. Differences exist not only across different household surveys in the same country but also across the same type of survey carried out in different countries, so estimates of working children are not fully comparable across countries.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The data refer to children's work in the sense of "economic activity" - that is, children in employment, a broader concept than child labor (see ILO 2009a for details on this distinction). In line with the definition of economic activity adopted by the 13th International Conference of Labour Statisticians, the threshold set by the 1993 UN System of National Accounts for classifying a person as employed is to have been engaged at least one hour in any activity relating to the production of goods and services during the reference period. Children seeking work are thus excluded. Economic activity covers all market production and certain nonmarket production, including production of goods for own use. It excludes unpaid household services (commonly called "household chores") - that is, the production of domestic and personal services by household members for a household's own consumption. Country surveys define the ages for child labor as 5-17. The data here have been recalculated to present statistics for children ages 7-14.

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: The time series may not be comparable across countries and over time due to differences in survey instruments and survey type. For detailed source information, see footnotes at each data point.