Unemployment, male (% of male labor force) (modeled ILO estimate) - Country Ranking

Definition: Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment.

Source: International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Mauritania 31.50 2014
2 Macedonia 27.70 2014
3 Bosnia and Herzegovina 26.70 2014
4 Spain 23.70 2014
5 South Africa 23.00 2014
6 Greece 22.60 2014
7 Lesotho 21.30 2014
8 Swaziland 20.30 2014
9 Mozambique 19.80 2014
10 Serbia 19.40 2014
11 Montenegro 18.30 2014
12 Namibia 17.30 2014
13 Albania 16.90 2014
14 Croatia 16.80 2014
15 Puerto Rico 16.10 2014
16 Armenia 15.80 2014
17 Cyprus 15.70 2014
18 Libya 15.60 2014
19 Botswana 15.40 2014
20 The Bahamas 15.10 2014
21 Zambia 14.80 2014
21 Iraq 14.80 2014
23 Gabon 14.60 2014
24 Georgia 14.50 2014
25 Portugal 14.10 2014
26 Ireland 13.10 2014
27 Slovak Republic 12.80 2014
28 Lithuania 12.50 2014
29 Tunisia 12.40 2014
30 Bulgaria 12.20 2014
31 Sudan 12.00 2014
32 Italy 11.70 2014
33 Tajikistan 11.60 2014
34 Iran 11.30 2014
35 Latvia 10.70 2014
36 Uzbekistan 10.40 2014
36 Turkmenistan 10.40 2014
38 France 10.10 2014
39 Morocco 9.90 2014
39 Barbados 9.90 2014
41 Yemen 9.80 2014
42 Jamaica 9.70 2014
43 Guyana 9.60 2014
44 Dominican Republic 9.50 2014
45 Finland 9.20 2014
45 Jordan 9.20 2014
47 Slovenia 9.00 2014
48 Ukraine 8.90 2014
49 Poland 8.70 2014
50 Estonia 8.60 2014
50 Turkey 8.60 2014
52 Belgium 8.50 2014
52 Egypt 8.50 2014
54 Afghanistan 8.20 2014
54 Sweden 8.20 2014
56 Venezuela 8.10 2014
57 Kenya 8.00 2014
57 Algeria 8.00 2014
59 Hungary 7.90 2014
60 Colombia 7.70 2014
60 Cabo Verde 7.70 2014
60 Equatorial Guinea 7.70 2014
63 Nigeria 7.60 2014
63 Syrian Arab Republic 7.60 2014
65 Romania 7.50 2014
65 Senegal 7.50 2014
67 El Salvador 7.40 2014
68 Belarus 7.30 2014
68 Kyrgyz Republic 7.30 2014
68 Canada 7.30 2014
71 Netherlands 7.10 2014
71 Philippines 7.10 2014
71 Argentina 7.10 2014
71 Central African Republic 7.10 2014
75 Eritrea 6.80 2014
76 Costa Rica 6.70 2014
76 Dem. Rep. Congo 6.70 2014
76 United Kingdom 6.70 2014
79 Somalia 6.60 2014
80 Togo 6.50 2014
80 Chad 6.50 2014
80 The Gambia 6.50 2014
80 Belize 6.50 2014
80 Guinea-Bissau 6.50 2014
85 United States 6.40 2014
85 Angola 6.40 2014
85 Denmark 6.40 2014
88 Burundi 6.30 2014
88 Fiji 6.30 2014
90 Comoros 6.20 2014
90 Mali 6.20 2014
92 Oman 6.10 2014
92 Congo 6.10 2014
94 Malawi 6.00 2014
94 Israel 6.00 2014
94 Australia 6.00 2014
97 Haiti 5.90 2014
98 Malta 5.80 2014
98 Chile 5.80 2014
100 Indonesia 5.60 2014
101 Luxembourg 5.50 2014
102 Russia 5.40 2014
102 China 5.40 2014
104 Nicaragua 5.30 2014
104 Iceland 5.30 2014
104 Uruguay 5.30 2014
104 Germany 5.30 2014
104 Zimbabwe 5.30 2014
104 Niger 5.30 2014
110 Brazil 5.20 2014
111 Czech Republic 5.10 2014
112 Lebanon 5.00 2014
112 New Zealand 5.00 2014
114 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 4.90 2014
114 Austria 4.90 2014
114 Mexico 4.90 2014
114 Mongolia 4.90 2014
118 Mauritius 4.80 2014
119 Sierra Leone 4.40 2014
120 Switzerland 4.30 2014
120 Azerbaijan 4.30 2014
122 Moldova 4.20 2014
123 Côte d'Ivoire 4.10 2014
124 Pakistan 4.00 2014
125 Japan 3.90 2014
125 Korea 3.90 2014
125 Burkina Faso 3.90 2014
125 Bangladesh 3.90 2014
129 Paraguay 3.80 2014
129 Timor-Leste 3.80 2014
131 Liberia 3.70 2014
131 Peru 3.70 2014
131 Cameroon 3.70 2014
131 Hong Kong SAR, China 3.70 2014
135 Norway 3.60 2014
135 Brunei 3.60 2014
135 Suriname 3.60 2014
135 Panama 3.60 2014
139 Ecuador 3.50 2014
139 Solomon Islands 3.50 2014
139 India 3.50 2014
142 Sri Lanka 3.40 2014
143 Honduras 3.30 2014
144 Kazakhstan 3.20 2014
144 Bahrain 3.20 2014
146 Kuwait 3.10 2014
146 Trinidad and Tobago 3.10 2014
146 Uganda 3.10 2014
146 Saudi Arabia 3.10 2014
150 Myanmar 3.00 2014
151 Ethiopia 2.90 2014
151 Nepal 2.90 2014
151 Cuba 2.90 2014
154 Guatemala 2.80 2014
155 United Arab Emirates 2.70 2014
155 Singapore 2.70 2014
157 Madagascar 2.50 2014
158 Bhutan 2.40 2014
159 Ghana 2.30 2014
160 Bolivia 2.20 2014
161 Papua New Guinea 2.10 2014
162 Vietnam 2.00 2014
162 Guinea 2.00 2014
162 Tanzania 2.00 2014
165 Malaysia 1.80 2014
166 Lao PDR 1.60 2014
166 Macao SAR, China 1.60 2014
168 Benin 1.10 2014
169 Thailand 0.90 2014
170 Rwanda 0.80 2014
171 Cambodia 0.40 2014
172 Qatar 0.10 2014

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Development Relevance: Unemployment and total employment are the broadest indicators of economic activity as reflected by the labor market. The International Labour Organization(ILO) defines the unemployed as members of the economically active population who are without work but available for and seeking work, including people who have lost their jobs or who have voluntarily left work. Some unemployment is unavoidable. At any time some workers are temporarily unemployed - between jobs as employers look for the right workers and workers search for better jobs. Such unemployment, often called frictional unemployment, results from the normal operation of labor markets. Changes in unemployment over time may reflect changes in the demand for and supply of labor; they may also reflect changes in reporting practices. Paradoxically, low unemployment rates can disguise substantial poverty in a country, while high unemployment rates can occur in countries with a high level of economic development and low rates of poverty. In countries without unemployment or welfare benefits people eke out a living in vulnerable employment. In countries with well-developed safety nets workers can afford to wait for suitable or desirable jobs. But high and sustained unemployment indicates serious inefficiencies in resource allocation. In many developing countries women work on farms or in other family enterprises without pay and others work in or near their homes, mixing work and family activities during the day. Labor force statistics by gender is important to monitor gender disparities in unemployment patterns. In many developed economies, women have been increasingly acquiring higher education that has led to better-compensated, longer-term careers rather than lower-skilled, shorter-term jobs. However, access to good- paying occupations for women remains unequal in many occupations and countries around the world.

Limitations and Exceptions: There may be persons not currently in the labour market who want to work but do not actively "seek" work because they view job opportunities as limited, or because they have restricted labour mobility, or face discrimination, or structural, social or cultural barriers. The exclusion of people who want to work but are not seeking work (often called the "hidden unemployed" or "discouraged workers") is a criterion that will affect the count of both women and men although women may have a higher probability of being excluded from the count of unemployed because they suffer more from social barriers overall that impede them from meeting this criterion. There are situations where the conventional means of seeking work are of limited relevance - for example, in developing economies where the informal economy is rampant and where the labour force is largely self-employed. In such cases, the standard definition of unemployment would greatly undercount the untapped human resources of a country and would give a picture of the labour market that was more positive than reality would warrant.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The standard definition of unemployed persons is those individuals without work, seeking work in a recent past period, and currently available for work. Persons who did not look for work but have an arrangements for a future job are counted as unemployed. It is the labour force or the economically active portion of the population that serves as the base for this indicator, not the total population. The unemployment rates presented here are the ILO estimates from the ILO's Key Indicators of the Labour Market database. The ILO estimates are harmonized to account for inconsistencies resulting from data source, definition, reference period, coverage, age group, and collection methodologies. The adjusted rates are based on household labour force sample surveys and includes both nationally reported and imputed data. Caution should be used when comparing the ILO estimates against other national estimates such as employment data.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: The unemployment rates presented here are the ILO estimates from the ILO's Key Indicators of the Labour Market database. These harmonized estimates use strict data selection criteria and enhanced methods to ensure comparability across countries and over time. (Note: Before April 2014, this code was used for national estimates, which are also now available in the WDI database under a different code.) Relevance to gender indicator: Women tend to be excluded from the unemployment count for various reasons. Women suffer more from discrimination and from structural, social, and cultural barriers that impede them from seeking work. Also, women are often responsible for the care of children and the elderly and for household affairs. They may not be available for work during the short reference period, as they need to make arrangements before starting work. Furthermore, women are considered to be employed when they are working part-time or in temporary jobs, despite the instability of these jobs or their active search for more secure employment.