Annualized average growth rate in per capita real survey mean consumption or income, bottom 40% of population (%) - Country Ranking

Definition: The growth rate in the welfare aggregate of the bottom 40% is computed as the annualized average growth rate in per capita real consumption or income of the bottom 40% of the population in the income distribution in a country from household surveys over a roughly 5-year period. Mean per capita real consumption or income is measured at 2011 and 2005 Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) using the PovcalNet (http://iresearch.worldbank.org/PovcalNet). For some countries means are not reported due to grouped and/or confidential data. The annualized growth rate is computed as (Mean in final year/Mean in initial year)^(1/(Final year - Initial year)) - 1. The reference year is the year in which the underlying household survey data was collected. In cases where the data collection period bridged two calendar years, the first year in which data were collected is reported. The final year refers to the most recent survey available between 2010 and 2014. The initial year refers to the nearest survey collected 5 years before the most recent survey available, only surveys collected between 3 and 7 years before the most recent survey are considered. Growth rates for four countries – Bangladesh, Cambodia, Jordan, and Lao PDR – are based on survey means of 2005 PPP$. This is due to the large deviations in the rate of change in PPP factors relative to the rate of change in domestic consumer price indexes. See Box 1.1 in the Global Monitoring Report 2015/2016 (http://www.worldbank.org/en/publication/global-monitoring-report) for a detailed explanation.

Source: World Bank, Global Database of Shared Prosperity (GDSP) circa 2007 - 2012 (http://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/poverty/brief/global-database-of-shared-prosperity).

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Bolivia 10.10 2012
2 Belarus 9.13 2011
3 Kazakhstan 8.92 2013
4 Peru 8.57 2012
5 Cambodia 8.53 2012
6 Uruguay 7.87 2012
7 Dem. Rep. Congo 7.81 2012
8 Nepal 7.47 2010
9 China 7.23 2010
10 Congo 7.22 2011
11 Paraguay 7.21 2012
12 Brazil 6.93 2012
13 Bhutan 6.53 2012
14 Argentina 6.43 2012
15 Vietnam 6.22 2010
16 Colombia 5.99 2012
17 Russia 5.86 2012
18 Ecuador 5.51 2012
19 Slovak Republic 5.48 2012
20 Rwanda 5.04 2010
21 Moldova 4.99 2013
22 Thailand 4.78 2012
23 Australia 4.39 2010
24 Turkey 4.33 2012
25 Panama 4.14 2012
26 South Africa 4.09 2011
27 Uganda 3.90 2012
28 Chile 3.87 2011
29 Indonesia 3.82 2014
30 Pakistan 3.76 2010
31 Tanzania 3.54 2011
32 Ukraine 3.47 2013
33 Tunisia 3.45 2010
34 Mauritania 3.25 2014
35 India 3.20 2011
36 Norway 3.17 2012
37 Iran 3.05 2013
38 Georgia 2.91 2013
39 Jordan 2.70 2010
40 Switzerland 2.43 2012
41 Mali 2.25 2009
42 Sri Lanka 2.21 2012
43 Canada 2.14 2010
44 Sweden 2.04 2012
45 Poland 1.99 2012
46 Israel 1.88 2010
47 Dominican Republic 1.79 2012
48 Bangladesh 1.73 2010
49 Croatia 1.59 2010
50 Finland 1.55 2012
51 Germany 1.35 2011
52 Costa Rica 1.33 2013
53 Bulgaria 1.29 2012
54 Lao PDR 1.25 2012
55 Mexico 1.15 2012
56 Philippines 1.15 2012
57 Belgium 1.14 2012
58 Mauritius 0.76 2012
59 Romania 0.58 2013
60 Austria 0.37 2012
61 Iraq 0.33 2012
62 El Salvador 0.21 2012
63 France 0.19 2012
64 Czech Republic 0.15 2012
65 Nigeria 0.12 2009
66 Netherlands -0.01 2012
67 Kyrgyz Republic -0.13 2012
68 United States -0.16 2013
69 Senegal -0.23 2011
70 Denmark -0.75 2012
71 Slovenia -0.84 2012
72 Albania -1.22 2012
73 Spain -1.32 2012
74 Ethiopia -1.45 2010
75 Armenia -1.49 2013
76 United Kingdom -1.67 2012
77 Serbia -1.76 2010
78 Lithuania -1.77 2012
79 Malawi -1.84 2010
80 Guatemala -1.85 2011
81 Hungary -1.93 2012
82 Portugal -1.99 2012
83 Estonia -2.10 2012
84 Togo -2.17 2011
85 Luxembourg -2.67 2012
86 Cyprus -2.75 2012
87 Italy -2.86 2012
88 Latvia -3.04 2012
89 Honduras -3.22 2012
90 Iceland -3.85 2012
91 Ireland -4.38 2012
92 Madagascar -4.49 2010
93 Montenegro -4.81 2013
94 Greece -10.02 2012

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Limitations and Exceptions: Growth rates for four countries -- Bangladesh, Cambodia, Jordan, and Lao PDR -- are based on survey means of 2005 PPP$. This is due to the large deviations in the rate of change in PPP factors relative to the rate of change in domestic consumer price indexes. See Box 1.1 in the Global Monitoring Report 2015/2016 (http://www.worldbank.org/en/publication/global-monitoring-report) for a detailed explanation. Because household surveys are infrequent in most countries and are not aligned across countries, comparisons across countries or over time should be made with a high degree of caution.

Unit of Measure: %

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: The comparability of welfare aggregates (consumption or income) for the chosen years T0 and T1 is assessed for every country. If comparability across the two surveys is a major concern for a country, the selection criteria are re-applied to select the next best survey year(s). Annualized growth rates are calculated between the survey years, using a compound growth formula. The survey years defining the period for which growth rates are calculated and the type of welfare aggregate used to calculate the growth rates are noted in the footnotes.