GINI index - Country Ranking

Definition: Gini index measures the extent to which the distribution of income (or, in some cases, consumption expenditure) among individuals or households within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution. A Lorenz curve plots the cumulative percentages of total income received against the cumulative number of recipients, starting with the poorest individual or household. The Gini index measures the area between the Lorenz curve and a hypothetical line of absolute equality, expressed as a percentage of the maximum area under the line. Thus a Gini index of 0 represents perfect equality, while an index of 100 implies perfect inequality.

Source: World Bank, Development Research Group. Data are based on primary household survey data obtained from government statistical agencies and World Bank country departments. Data for high-income economies are from the Luxembourg Income Study database. For more information and methodology, please see PovcalNet (http://iresearch.worldbank.org/PovcalNet/index.htm).

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Seychelles 65.77 2007
2 Comoros 64.30 2004
3 Namibia 63.90 2004
4 South Africa 63.14 2009
5 Botswana 60.96 1994
6 Haiti 59.21 2001
7 Angola 58.64 2000
8 Honduras 56.95 2009
9 Central African Republic 56.30 2008
10 Bolivia 56.29 2008
11 Colombia 55.91 2010
12 Guatemala 55.89 2006
13 Brazil 54.69 2009
14 Zambia 54.63 2006
15 Belize 53.13 1999
16 Suriname 52.88 1999
17 Lesotho 52.50 2003
18 Paraguay 52.42 2010
19 Chile 52.06 2009
20 Panama 51.92 2010
21 Swaziland 51.49 2010
22 Papua New Guinea 50.88 1996
23 Rwanda 50.82 2011
23 São Tomé and Principe 50.82 2001
25 Costa Rica 50.73 2009
26 Cape Verde 50.52 2002
27 Zimbabwe 50.10 1995
28 Ecuador 49.26 2010
29 Nigeria 48.83 2010
30 El Salvador 48.33 2009
31 Mexico 48.28 2008
32 Peru 48.14 2010
33 Kenya 47.68 2005
34 Congo 47.32 2005
35 The Gambia 47.28 2003
36 Dominican Republic 47.20 2010
37 Malaysia 46.21 2009
38 Mozambique 45.66 2008
39 Jamaica 45.51 2004
40 Uruguay 45.32 2010
41 Venezuela 44.77 2006
42 Guyana 44.54 1998
43 Argentina 44.49 2010
44 Dem. Rep. Congo 44.43 2006
45 Uganda 44.30 2009
46 Madagascar 44.11 2010
47 Hong Kong SAR, China 43.44 1996
48 Macedonia 43.17 2009
49 Philippines 42.98 2009
50 Fiji 42.83 2009
51 Ghana 42.76 2006
52 St. Lucia 42.58 1995
53 Sierra Leone 42.52 2003
54 Singapore 42.48 1998
54 China 42.48 2005
56 Côte d'Ivoire 41.50 2008
57 Gabon 41.45 2005
58 Tunisia 41.42 2005
59 Georgia 41.34 2008
60 Qatar 41.10 2007
61 Morocco 40.88 2007
62 United States 40.81 2000
63 Turkmenistan 40.77 1998
64 Nicaragua 40.47 2005
65 Mauritania 40.46 2008
66 Trinidad and Tobago 40.27 1992
67 Sri Lanka 40.26 2007
68 Russia 40.11 2009
69 Thailand 40.02 2009
70 Djibouti 39.96 2002
71 Burkina Faso 39.79 2009
72 Chad 39.78 2003
73 Guinea 39.35 2007
74 Israel 39.20 2001
75 Senegal 39.19 2005
76 Malawi 39.02 2004
77 Turkey 38.95 2008
78 Cameroon 38.91 2007
79 Benin 38.62 2003
80 Portugal 38.45 1997
81 Iran 38.28 2005
82 Liberia 38.16 2007
83 Bhutan 38.06 2007
84 Cambodia 37.85 2008
85 Yemen 37.69 2005
86 Tanzania 37.58 2007
87 Lithuania 37.57 2008
88 Lao PDR 36.74 2008
89 Uzbekistan 36.72 2003
90 Latvia 36.61 2008
91 Mongolia 36.52 2008
92 Bosnia and Herzegovina 36.21 2007
93 Kyrgyz Republic 36.19 2009
94 New Zealand 36.17 1997
95 Italy 36.03 2000
96 Estonia 36.00 2004
97 United Kingdom 35.97 1999
98 Syrian Arab Republic 35.78 2004
99 Vietnam 35.57 2008
100 Guinea-Bissau 35.52 2002
101 Jordan 35.43 2010
102 Algeria 35.33 1995
103 Sudan 35.29 2009
104 Australia 35.19 1994
105 Spain 34.66 2000
106 Niger 34.55 2008
107 Albania 34.51 2008
108 Togo 34.41 2006
109 Ireland 34.28 2000
110 Greece 34.27 2000
111 Poland 34.07 2009
112 Indonesia 34.01 2005
113 Azerbaijan 33.71 2008
114 Switzerland 33.68 2000
115 Croatia 33.65 2008
116 India 33.38 2005
117 Burundi 33.27 2006
118 Moldova 33.03 2010
119 Mali 33.02 2010
120 Belgium 32.97 2000
121 Nepal 32.82 2010
122 France 32.74 1995
123 Canada 32.56 2000
124 Bangladesh 32.12 2010
125 Timor-Leste 31.93 2007
126 Korea 31.59 1998
127 Hungary 31.18 2007
128 Slovenia 31.15 2004
129 Netherlands 30.90 1999
130 Iraq 30.86 2007
130 Armenia 30.86 2008
132 Tajikistan 30.83 2009
133 Egypt 30.77 2008
134 Luxembourg 30.76 2000
135 Pakistan 30.02 2008
136 Romania 30.00 2009
137 Montenegro 29.99 2008
138 Ethiopia 29.83 2005
139 Austria 29.15 2000
140 Kazakhstan 29.04 2009
141 Germany 28.31 2000
142 Bulgaria 28.19 2007
143 Afghanistan 27.82 2008
144 Serbia 27.80 2009
145 Belarus 27.22 2008
146 Finland 26.88 2000
147 Ukraine 26.44 2009
148 Slovak Republic 26.00 2009
149 Czech Republic 25.82 1996
150 Norway 25.79 2000
151 Sweden 25.00 2000
152 Japan 24.85 1993
153 Denmark 24.70 1997