GINI index (World Bank estimate) - Country Ranking

Definition: Gini index measures the extent to which the distribution of income (or, in some cases, consumption expenditure) among individuals or households within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution. A Lorenz curve plots the cumulative percentages of total income received against the cumulative number of recipients, starting with the poorest individual or household. The Gini index measures the area between the Lorenz curve and a hypothetical line of absolute equality, expressed as a percentage of the maximum area under the line. Thus a Gini index of 0 represents perfect equality, while an index of 100 implies perfect inequality.

Source: World Bank, Development Research Group. Data are based on primary household survey data obtained from government statistical agencies and World Bank country departments. For more information and methodology, please see PovcalNet (http://iresearch.worldbank.org/PovcalNet/index.htm).

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Seychelles 65.77 2006
2 South Africa 65.02 2011
3 Comoros 64.30 2004
4 Namibia 61.32 2009
5 Botswana 60.46 2009
6 Haiti 59.21 2001
7 Zambia 57.49 2010
8 Honduras 57.40 2011
9 Central African Republic 56.30 2008
10 Lesotho 54.17 2010
11 Colombia 53.53 2012
12 Belize 53.13 1999
13 Suriname 52.88 1999
14 Brazil 52.67 2012
15 Guatemala 52.35 2011
16 Panama 51.90 2012
17 Swaziland 51.49 2009
18 Papua New Guinea 50.88 1996
19 Chile 50.84 2011
20 Rwanda 50.82 2011
21 Costa Rica 48.61 2012
22 Mexico 48.07 2012
23 Paraguay 48.01 2012
24 Kenya 47.68 2005
25 The Gambia 47.28 2003
26 Bolivia 46.64 2012
27 Ecuador 46.57 2012
28 Malaysia 46.21 2009
29 Malawi 46.18 2010
30 Togo 45.96 2011
31 Nicaragua 45.73 2009
32 Dominican Republic 45.68 2012
33 Mozambique 45.66 2009
34 Jamaica 45.51 2004
35 Peru 45.33 2012
36 Venezuela 44.77 2006
37 Uganda 44.55 2012
38 Guyana 44.54 1998
39 Dem. Rep. Congo 44.43 2005
40 Macedonia 44.20 2008
41 Cabo Verde 43.82 2007
42 Argentina 43.57 2011
43 Benin 43.53 2011
44 Chad 43.30 2011
45 Côte d'Ivoire 43.19 2008
46 Philippines 43.03 2012
47 Nigeria 42.95 2010
48 Fiji 42.83 2008
49 Israel 42.78 2010
50 Ghana 42.76 2005
51 Angola 42.66 2008
52 St. Lucia 42.58 1995
53 Gabon 42.19 2005
54 El Salvador 41.80 2012
55 Georgia 41.35 2012
56 Uruguay 41.32 2012
57 United States 41.12 2010
58 Morocco 40.88 2007
59 Turkmenistan 40.77 1998
60 Cameroon 40.72 2007
61 Madagascar 40.63 2010
62 Mauritania 40.46 2008
63 Senegal 40.31 2011
64 Trinidad and Tobago 40.27 1992
65 Congo 40.17 2011
66 Turkey 40.04 2011
67 Djibouti 39.96 2002
68 Burkina Faso 39.78 2009
69 Russia 39.69 2009
70 Thailand 39.37 2010
71 Bhutan 38.73 2012
72 Iran 38.28 2005
73 Liberia 38.16 2007
74 Indonesia 38.14 2011
75 United Kingdom 38.04 2010
76 Tanzania 37.82 2012
77 China 37.01 2011
78 Mongolia 36.52 2007
79 Sri Lanka 36.40 2009
80 Lao PDR 36.22 2012
81 Latvia 36.03 2011
82 Yemen 35.91 2005
83 Mauritius 35.90 2012
84 Tunisia 35.79 2010
85 Syrian Arab Republic 35.78 2004
86 Spain 35.75 2010
87 Vietnam 35.62 2012
88 Guinea-Bissau 35.52 2002
88 Italy 35.52 2010
90 Sierra Leone 35.35 2011
91 Algeria 35.33 1995
92 Sudan 35.29 2009
93 Uzbekistan 35.19 2003
94 Greece 34.74 2010
95 Bulgaria 34.28 2011
96 Australia 34.01 2003
97 São Tomé and Principe 33.87 2010
98 Jordan 33.69 2010
99 Guinea 33.68 2012
99 Canada 33.68 2010
101 Croatia 33.61 2008
102 India 33.60 2011
103 Ethiopia 33.60 2010
104 Kyrgyz Republic 33.39 2011
105 Burundi 33.27 2006
106 Belgium 33.14 2000
107 Bosnia and Herzegovina 33.04 2007
108 Azerbaijan 33.03 2008
109 Mali 33.02 2010
110 Nepal 32.82 2010
111 Poland 32.78 2011
112 Estonia 32.69 2011
113 Lithuania 32.63 2011
114 Switzerland 32.35 2004
115 Bangladesh 32.12 2010
116 Japan 32.11 2008
117 Ireland 32.06 2010
118 Cambodia 31.82 2011
119 France 31.69 2005
120 Niger 31.16 2011
121 Tajikistan 30.77 2009
122 Egypt 30.75 2008
123 Montenegro 30.63 2011
123 Moldova 30.63 2011
123 Germany 30.63 2010
126 Timor-Leste 30.41 2007
127 Armenia 30.30 2012
128 Austria 30.04 2004
129 Serbia 29.65 2010
130 Pakistan 29.63 2010
131 Iraq 29.54 2012
132 Albania 28.96 2012
133 Hungary 28.94 2011
134 Netherlands 28.87 2010
135 Kazakhstan 28.56 2010
136 Afghanistan 27.82 2007
137 Finland 27.79 2010
138 Romania 27.33 2012
139 Denmark 26.88 2010
140 Norway 26.83 2010
141 Slovak Republic 26.58 2011
142 Belarus 26.46 2011
143 Czech Republic 26.39 2011
144 Iceland 26.30 2010
145 Sweden 26.08 2005
146 Slovenia 24.87 2011
147 Ukraine 24.82 2010