Literacy rate, adult male (% of males ages 15 and above) - Country Ranking

Definition: Adult literacy rate is the percentage of people ages 15 and above who can both read and write with understanding a short simple statement about their everyday life.

Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 100.00 2008
2 Poland 99.90 2013
3 Latvia 99.88 2011
4 Azerbaijan 99.86 2014
5 Estonia 99.85 2011
6 Tajikistan 99.82 2013
7 Armenia 99.81 2011
8 Lithuania 99.79 2011
9 Ukraine 99.79 2013
10 Georgia 99.79 2013
11 Kazakhstan 99.79 2009
12 Belarus 99.76 2009
13 Turkmenistan 99.75 2013
14 Russia 99.73 2010
15 Slovenia 99.73 2013
16 Cuba 99.71 2012
17 Uzbekistan 99.68 2013
18 Croatia 99.63 2011
19 Moldova 99.62 2013
20 Kyrgyz Republic 99.52 2009
21 Bosnia and Herzegovina 99.50 2013
22 Palau 99.50 2013
23 Montenegro 99.43 2011
24 Tonga 99.34 2011
25 Italy 99.29 2013
26 Cyprus 99.29 2011
27 Serbia 99.26 2011
28 Trinidad and Tobago 99.20 2013
29 Hungary 99.15 2013
30 Romania 99.03 2011
31 Samoa 98.88 2011
32 Macedonia 98.77 2013
33 Spain 98.75 2013
34 Bulgaria 98.75 2011
35 Cayman Islands 98.72 2007
36 Singapore 98.53 2013
37 Jordan 98.44 2012
38 Greece 98.44 2013
39 Turkey 98.40 2013
40 Antigua and Barbuda 98.40 2013
41 Albania 98.35 2012
42 Mongolia 98.17 2010
43 Uruguay 98.06 2013
44 Argentina 97.93 2013
45 Qatar 97.79 2014
46 Macao SAR, China 97.75 2011
47 China 97.48 2010
48 Brunei 97.43 2011
49 Costa Rica 97.31 2011
50 Equatorial Guinea 97.26 2013
51 Bolivia 97.11 2012
52 New Caledonia 97.10 2013
53 Peru 96.95 2012
54 Chile 96.90 2011
55 Saudi Arabia 96.53 2013
56 Thailand 96.44 2010
57 Kuwait 96.35 2013
58 Portugal 96.29 2011
59 Libya 96.28 2013
60 Bahrain 96.14 2010
61 Grenada 96.00 1970
62 Vietnam 95.79 2009
63 Indonesia 95.59 2011
64 Paraguay 95.55 2014
65 Malaysia 95.43 2010
66 Suriname 95.36 2010
67 Mexico 95.11 2013
68 Myanmar 95.05 2013
69 Philippines 95.01 2008
70 Oman 94.99 2014
71 South Africa 94.96 2012
72 Israel 94.96 1983
73 Panama 94.71 2010
74 Venezuela 94.50 2011
75 Ecuador 94.43 2013
76 Colombia 93.49 2011
77 Seychelles 93.46 2010
78 Lebanon 93.38 2007
79 Sri Lanka 92.58 2010
80 Mauritius 91.95 2011
81 Malta 91.79 2011
82 Puerto Rico 91.33 2010
83 Brazil 91.18 2013
84 Syrian Arab Republic 91.10 2013
85 Cabo Verde 90.47 2012
86 Dominican Republic 90.46 2013
87 United Arab Emirates 89.48 2005
88 El Salvador 89.24 2013
89 Iran 88.88 2012
90 Burundi 88.78 2008
91 Dem. Rep. Congo 87.91 2012
92 Zimbabwe 87.76 2011
93 Tunisia 87.76 2011
94 Honduras 87.40 2014
95 Botswana 86.91 2013
96 Congo 86.43 2011
97 Iraq 85.80 2013
98 Vanuatu 85.49 2013
99 Gabon 84.87 2012
100 Tanzania 84.07 2012
101 Swaziland 83.90 2010
102 Solomon Islands 83.70 1999
103 Yemen 83.47 2013
104 Jamaica 83.09 2013
105 Cambodia 82.75 2009
106 Guatemala 82.72 2013
107 Egypt 82.63 2013
108 Lao PDR 82.45 2005
109 Guyana 82.44 2009
110 Angola 82.32 2013
111 Sudan 82.21 2013
112 Algeria 81.28 2006
113 Comoros 81.10 2013
114 Eritrea 80.88 2013
115 São Tomé and Principe 80.33 2008
116 Uganda 79.12 2012
117 India 78.88 2011
118 Ghana 78.35 2010
119 Cameroon 78.33 2010
120 Nicaragua 78.10 2005
121 Kenya 78.08 2007
122 Morocco 76.07 2011
123 Namibia 74.33 2007
124 Togo 74.06 2011
125 Rwanda 72.45 2012
126 Malawi 72.10 2010
127 Zambia 71.95 2007
128 Nepal 71.71 2011
129 Guinea-Bissau 70.49 2013
130 Belize 70.27 1991
131 Pakistan 69.86 2012
132 Madagascar 67.42 2009
133 Mozambique 67.35 2009
134 Papua New Guinea 65.53 2013
135 Lesotho 65.52 2009
136 Bhutan 65.05 2005
137 Timor-Leste 63.59 2010
138 Bangladesh 63.16 2013
139 The Gambia 62.23 2013
140 Nigeria 61.25 2008
141 Liberia 60.77 2007
142 Mauritania 57.40 2007
143 Sierra Leone 56.59 2013
144 Haiti 53.36 2006
145 Senegal 52.80 2013
146 Côte d'Ivoire 51.59 2012
147 Central African Republic 50.71 2010
148 Ethiopia 49.13 2007
149 Chad 47.42 2013
150 Afghanistan 45.42 2011
151 Mali 43.27 2011
152 Benin 40.62 2006
153 Guinea 36.79 2010
154 Burkina Faso 36.68 2007
155 Niger 23.25 2012

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Development Relevance: Literacy rate is an outcome indicator to evaluate educational attainment. This data can predict the quality of future labor force and can be used in ensuring policies for life skills for men and women. It can be also used as a proxy instrument to see the effectiveness of education system; a high literacy rate suggests the capacity of an education system to provide a large population with opportunities to acquire literacy skills. The accumulated achievement of education is fundamental for further intellectual growth and social and economic development, although it doesn't necessarily ensure the quality of education. Literate women implies that they can seek and use information for the betterment of the health, nutrition and education of their household members. Literate women are also empowered to play a meaningful role.

Limitations and Exceptions: In practice, literacy is difficult to measure. Estimating literacy rates requires census or survey measurements under controlled conditions. Many countries report the number of literate people from self-reported data. Some use educational attainment data as a proxy but apply different lengths of school attendance or levels of completion. Ant there is a trend among recent national and international surveys toward using a direct reading test of literacy skills. Because definitions and methods of data collection differ across countries, data should be used cautiously.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Literacy statistics for most countries cover the population ages 15 and older, but some include younger ages or are confined to age ranges that tend to inflate literacy rates. The youth literacy rate for ages 15-24 reflects recent progress in education. It measures the accumulated outcomes of primary education over the previous 10 years or so by indicating the proportion of the population who have passed through the primary education system and acquired basic literacy and numeracy skills. Generally, literacy also encompasses numeracy, the ability to make simple arithmetic calculations. Data on literacy are compiled by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics based on national censuses and household surveys and, for countries without recent literacy data, using the Global Age-Specific Literacy Projection Model (GALP). For detailed information, see www.uis.unesco.org.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual