Literacy rate, youth total (% of people ages 15-24) - Country Ranking

Definition: Youth literacy rate is the percentage of people ages 15-24 who can both read and write with understanding a short simple statement about their everyday life.

Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Moldova 100.00 2013
2 Poland 100.00 2013
3 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 100.00 2008
4 Azerbaijan 99.96 2014
5 Estonia 99.95 2011
6 Uzbekistan 99.94 2013
7 Libya 99.93 2013
8 Italy 99.92 2013
9 Singapore 99.88 2013
10 Cuba 99.87 2012
11 Tajikistan 99.87 2013
12 Slovenia 99.86 2013
13 Lithuania 99.86 2011
14 Armenia 99.85 2011
15 Latvia 99.84 2011
16 Kazakhstan 99.83 2009
17 Turkmenistan 99.83 2013
18 Belarus 99.82 2009
19 Cyprus 99.82 2011
20 Palau 99.81 2013
21 Georgia 99.80 2013
22 Ukraine 99.77 2013
23 Kyrgyz Republic 99.75 2009
24 Croatia 99.72 2011
25 Russia 99.71 2010
26 Macao SAR, China 99.67 2011
27 Bosnia and Herzegovina 99.67 2013
28 Spain 99.67 2013
29 New Caledonia 99.66 2013
30 China 99.64 2010
31 Trinidad and Tobago 99.59 2013
32 Tonga 99.44 2011
33 Portugal 99.44 2011
34 Chile 99.41 2011
35 Greece 99.40 2013
36 Brunei 99.37 2011
37 Serbia 99.31 2011
38 Argentina 99.26 2013
39 Samoa 99.24 2011
40 Albania 99.23 2012
41 Turkey 99.23 2013
42 Saudi Arabia 99.22 2013
43 Montenegro 99.21 2011
44 Kuwait 99.15 2013
45 Costa Rica 99.13 2011
46 Jordan 99.11 2012
47 Oman 99.09 2014
48 Bolivia 99.00 2012
49 Romania 99.00 2011
50 Seychelles 98.97 2010
51 Uruguay 98.93 2013
52 Cayman Islands 98.91 2007
53 South Africa 98.88 2012
54 Malta 98.88 2011
55 Hungary 98.87 2013
56 Puerto Rico 98.83 2010
57 Indonesia 98.78 2011
58 Brazil 98.74 2013
59 Lebanon 98.71 2007
60 Qatar 98.71 2014
61 Peru 98.70 2012
62 Paraguay 98.69 2014
63 Macedonia 98.64 2013
64 Ecuador 98.60 2013
65 Mexico 98.56 2013
66 Israel 98.56 1983
67 Mongolia 98.46 2010
68 Malaysia 98.42 2010
69 Suriname 98.38 2010
70 Colombia 98.24 2011
71 Equatorial Guinea 98.17 2013
72 Bahrain 98.16 2010
73 Sri Lanka 98.16 2010
74 Mauritius 98.13 2011
75 Cabo Verde 98.13 2012
76 Iran 98.01 2012
77 Austria 98.01 2012
78 Bulgaria 97.87 2011
79 Philippines 97.75 2008
80 Panama 97.64 2010
81 Botswana 97.59 2013
82 Venezuela 97.56 2011
83 Dominican Republic 97.47 2013
84 Tunisia 97.30 2011
85 El Salvador 97.22 2013
86 Vietnam 97.09 2009
87 Thailand 96.60 2010
88 Myanmar 96.13 2013
89 Jamaica 96.10 2013
90 Syrian Arab Republic 95.86 2013
91 Honduras 95.68 2014
92 Vanuatu 95.19 2013
93 United Arab Emirates 95.01 2005
94 Swaziland 93.50 2010
95 Guyana 93.10 2009
96 Egypt 92.02 2013
97 Guatemala 91.85 2013
98 Algeria 91.78 2006
99 Eritrea 91.78 2013
100 Zimbabwe 90.93 2011
101 Burundi 88.89 2008
102 Gabon 88.50 2012
103 Sudan 88.49 2013
104 Yemen 88.41 2013
105 Cambodia 87.13 2009
106 Namibia 87.10 2007
107 Nicaragua 87.01 2005
108 Comoros 86.81 2013
109 India 86.14 2011
110 Tanzania 85.94 2012
111 Ghana 85.72 2010
112 Solomon Islands 85.00 1999
113 Nepal 84.76 2011
114 Lao PDR 83.93 2005
115 Uganda 83.66 2012
116 Dem. Rep. Congo 83.60 2012
117 Lesotho 83.19 2009
118 Kenya 82.39 2007
119 Rwanda 82.33 2012
120 Iraq 81.95 2013
121 Morocco 81.51 2011
122 Bangladesh 81.08 2013
123 Congo 80.91 2011
124 Cameroon 80.57 2010
125 São Tomé and Principe 80.20 2008
126 Togo 79.89 2011
127 Timor-Leste 79.53 2010
128 Belize 76.42 1991
129 Guinea-Bissau 75.30 2013
130 Bhutan 74.41 2005
131 Angola 72.98 2013
132 Pakistan 72.58 2012
133 Haiti 72.35 2006
134 Malawi 72.14 2010
135 Papua New Guinea 71.58 2013
136 The Gambia 70.72 2013
137 Mozambique 67.15 2009
138 Nigeria 66.38 2008
139 Madagascar 64.94 2009
140 Sierra Leone 64.30 2013
141 Zambia 64.05 2007
142 Mauritania 56.12 2007
143 Senegal 55.90 2013
144 Ethiopia 54.98 2007
145 Chad 50.17 2013
146 Liberia 49.07 2007
147 Côte d'Ivoire 48.31 2012
148 Mali 47.14 2011
149 Afghanistan 46.99 2011
150 Benin 42.36 2006
151 Burkina Faso 39.26 2007
152 Central African Republic 36.36 2010
153 Guinea 31.41 2010
154 Niger 23.52 2012

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Development Relevance: Literacy rate is an outcome indicator to evaluate educational attainment. This data can predict the quality of future labor force and can be used in ensuring policies for life skills for men and women. It can be also used as a proxy instrument to see the effectiveness of education system; a high literacy rate suggests the capacity of an education system to provide a large population with opportunities to acquire literacy skills. The accumulated achievement of education is fundamental for further intellectual growth and social and economic development, although it doesn't necessarily ensure the quality of education. Literate women implies that they can seek and use information for the betterment of the health, nutrition and education of their household members. Literate women are also empowered to play a meaningful role.

Limitations and Exceptions: In practice, literacy is difficult to measure. Estimating literacy rates requires census or survey measurements under controlled conditions. Many countries report the number of literate people from self-reported data. Some use educational attainment data as a proxy but apply different lengths of school attendance or levels of completion. Ant there is a trend among recent national and international surveys toward using a direct reading test of literacy skills. Because definitions and methods of data collection differ across countries, data should be used cautiously.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Literacy statistics for most countries cover the population ages 15 and older, but some include younger ages or are confined to age ranges that tend to inflate literacy rates. The youth literacy rate for ages 15-24 reflects recent progress in education. It measures the accumulated outcomes of primary education over the previous 10 years or so by indicating the proportion of the population who have passed through the primary education system and acquired basic literacy and numeracy skills. Generally, literacy also encompasses numeracy, the ability to make simple arithmetic calculations. Data on literacy are compiled by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics based on national censuses and household surveys and, for countries without recent literacy data, using the Global Age-Specific Literacy Projection Model (GALP). For detailed information, see www.uis.unesco.org.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual