Brazil - GINI index

GINI index (World Bank estimate)

The value for GINI index (World Bank estimate) in Brazil was 52.87 as of 2013. As the graph below shows, over the past 32 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 63.30 in 1989 and a minimum value of 52.67 in 2012.

Definition: Gini index measures the extent to which the distribution of income (or, in some cases, consumption expenditure) among individuals or households within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution. A Lorenz curve plots the cumulative percentages of total income received against the cumulative number of recipients, starting with the poorest individual or household. The Gini index measures the area between the Lorenz curve and a hypothetical line of absolute equality, expressed as a percentage of the maximum area under the line. Thus a Gini index of 0 represents perfect equality, while an index of 100 implies perfect inequality.

Source: World Bank, Development Research Group. Data are based on primary household survey data obtained from government statistical agencies and World Bank country departments. For more information and methodology, please see PovcalNet (http://iresearch.worldbank.org/PovcalNet/index.htm).

See also:

Year Value
1981 57.93
1982 58.42
1983 58.99
1984 58.38
1985 55.59
1986 58.46
1987 59.69
1988 61.43
1989 63.30
1990 60.49
1992 53.17
1993 60.12
1995 59.57
1996 59.89
1997 59.80
1998 59.61
1999 58.99
2001 59.33
2002 58.62
2003 58.01
2004 56.88
2005 56.64
2006 55.93
2007 55.23
2008 54.37
2009 53.87
2011 53.10
2012 52.67
2013 52.87

Classification

Topic: Poverty Indicators

Sub-Topic: Income distribution