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Republic of Estonia
Eesti Vabariik  (Estonian)
FlagCoat of arms
Anthem: 
Location of  Estonia  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]
Location of  Estonia  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Tallinn
59°25′N24°45′E / 59.417°N 24.750°E / 59.417; 24.750
Official languagesEstoniana
Recognised regional languages
Ethnic groups (2015[1])
DemonymEstonian
GovernmentParliamentary republic
 - PresidentToomas Hendrik Ilves
 - Prime MinisterTaavi Rõivas
LegislatureRiigikogu
Independence
 - Autonomy declared12 April 1917 
 - Independence declared
then recognised
24 February 1918
2 February 1920 
 - Foreign occupation1940–1991 
 - Independence restored20 August 1991 
Area
 - Total45,227 km2 (132ndd)
17,413 sq mi
 - Water (%)4.45%
Population
 - 2015 estimate1,313,271[2] (154th)
 - 2011 census1,294,486[3]
 - Density28/km2 (181st)
75/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
 - Total$36.845 billion[4]
 - Per capita$27,994[4]
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
 - Total$23.113 billion[4]
 - Per capita$17,561[4]
Gini (2013)negative increase 32.9[5]
medium
HDI (2013)Steady 0.840[6]
very high ·33rd
CurrencyEuro ()e (EUR)
Time zoneEET(UTC+2)
 - Summer (DST)EEST (UTC+3)
Drives on theright
Calling code+372
ISO 3166 codeEE
Internet TLD.eef
a.According to the Constitution, Estonian is the sole official language.[7] In southern counties, Võro and Seto are spoken along with it. Russian is still unofficially spoken in Ida-Virumaa and Tallinn, due to the Soviet Union's program promoting mass immigration of urban industrial workers during the post-war period.
b.Including 5.4% Võros and 0.93% Setos.[8]
c.SDE member but nonpartisan while in office.
d.47,549 km2 (18,359 sq mi) were defined according to the Treaty of Tartu in 1920 between Estonia and Russia. Today, the remaining 2,323 km2 (897 sq mi) are still occupied and part of Russia. The ceded areas include most of the former Petseri County and areas behind the Narva river including Ivangorod (Jaanilinn).[9]Pechory remains under Russian control.
e.Estonian kroon (EEK) before 2011.
f.Also .eu, shared with other member states of the European Union.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of June 30, 2015


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