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Republic of Estonia
Eesti Vabariik  (Estonian)
Anthem: 
Location of  Estonia  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & grey)– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]
Location of  Estonia  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Tallinna
59°25′N24°45′E / 59.417°N 24.750°E / 59.417; 24.750
Official languagesEstonianb
Ethnic groups(2017[1])
DemonymEstonian
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentaryconstitutional republic
Kersti Kaljulaid
Eiki Nestor
Jüri Ratas
Priit Pikamäe
LegislatureRiigikogu
Independence
12 April 1917
24 February 1918
2 February 1920
1940–1991
17 June 1940
20 August 1991
• Independence recognized by the Soviet Union
6 September 1991
17 September 1991
1 May 2004
Area
• Total
45,339[2] km2 (17,505 sq mi) (132ndd)
• Water (%)
4.45%
Population
• 2017 estimate
Increase 1,315,635[3] (151st)
• 2011 census
1,294,455[4]
• Density
28/km2 (72.5/sq mi) (188th)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$40.275 billion[5]
• Per capita
$30,764[5] (45th)
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$23.422 billion[5]
• Per capita
$17,891[5] (41st)
Gini (2015)Negative increase 34.8[6]
medium
HDI (2015)Increase 0.865[7]
very high · 30th
CurrencyEuro () (EUR)
Time zoneEET(UTC+2)
• Summer (DST)
EEST (UTC+3)
Drives on theright
Calling code+372
ISO 3166 codeEE
Internet TLD.eee
  1. The Supreme Court and one ministry are based in Tartu.
  2. According to the Constitution, Estonian is the sole official language.[8] In southern counties, Võro and Seto are spoken along with it. Russian is spoken in parts of Ida-Virumaa and Tallinn.
  3. Including 5.4% Võros and 0.93% Setos.[9]
  4. 47,549 km2 (18,359 sq mi) were defined according to the Treaty of Tartu in 1920 between Estonia and Russia. Today, the remaining 2,323 km2 (897 sq mi) are part of Russia. The ceded areas include most of the former Petseri County and areas behind the Narva river including Ivangorod (Jaanilinn).[10]Pechory remains under Russian administration.
  5. Also .eu, shared with other member states of the European Union.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 9, 2017


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