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Nickel: World Mine Production, By Country

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TABLE 10
NICKEL: WORLD MINE PRODUCTION, BY COUNTRY1, 2
(Metric tons of contained nickel)
 
Country and products3   2008   2009   2010   2011   2012  
Albania, laterite oree 4,000 r 1,000 r 3,000 r 5,000 r 3,000
Australia, ores and concentrate4 188,000 r 165,000 170,000 r 212,000 r 246,000
Botswana, ore milled 28,940 28,595 23,053 r 15,675 r 17,948
Brazil, ore 67,116 41,059 108,983 131,673 r 139,230
Burma, oree 10 10 -- r 800 r, 5 5,000 5
Canada, concentrate 259,651 135,037 r 160,063 r 219,025 r 204,161
Chinae 79,500 84,800 80,000 r 90,000 r, 5 93,300 5
Colombia, laterite ore 64,200   72,000 r 70,200 r, e 70,000 r 84,000  
Cuba:
Recoverable laterite:e
Limonitic 34,600 r 32,100 r 32,500 r 38,100 r 35,700
Serpentinic 35,800 r 37,900 r 37,200 r 34,400 r 32,500
Total 70,400 r 70,000 r 69,700 r 72,500 r 68,200  
Oxide, oxide sinter, oxide powder, sulfide, ammoniacal -- r -- r -- r -- r --
liquor6
Dominican Republic, laterite ore 31,300 500 r -- 21,693 25,590
Finland, concentrate7 43,343 r 10,304 r 29,448 r 63,209 r 46,755
Greece, laterite ore 18,646 10,203 16,345 21,710 22,000
Guatemala, laterite ore -- -- -- -- 3,240 8
Indonesia, laterite ore9 219,300 202,800 235,800 297,000 228,000
Kazakhstan, laterite oree 500 500 500 500 450
Kosovo, laterite ore10 8,500 r 10,500 9,100 r 7,700 r 4,400
Macedonia, ferronickel produced11 15,026 12,000 14,413 17,292 19,427
Madagascar, laterite ore -- -- 2,000 r 5,900 r 10,000
Morocco, nickel sulfatee 507 r 733 r 317 r 217 r 225
New Caledonia, ore 102,700 r 92,500 r 129,800 r 130,700 r 131,700 e
Norway, concentrate 377 369 r 351 r 339 351
Papua New Guinea, ore --   --   --   -- r 11,700 12
Philippines:
Ore 71,281 r 104,060 r 165,180 r 296,569 r 293,731
Concentrate13 8,019 r 14,940 r 24,820 r 22,794 r 23,890
Total 79,300 r 119,000 r 190,000 r 319,363 r 317,621  
Russia, marketable mine production:
Laterite ore14 47,551 r 32,294 r 41,179 r 41,777 r 28,210
Sulfide concentrate15 229,765 r 229,493 r 228,093 r 225,616 r 217,085
Total 277,316 r 261,787 r 269,272 r 267,393 r 245,295  
South Africa, concentrate 31,675 34,605 39,960 r 43,321 r 45,945
Spain, concentrate16 8,136 8,035 r 6,300 r -- 6,300 p
Turkey, laterite oree 1,000 r 800 r 1,400 r 3,000 r 2,400
Ukraine, laterite oree 8,000 r -- -- -- --
Venezuela, laterite ore 10,900 r 10,400 r 11,400 r 19,500 r 6,060
Zambia, concentrate17 750 r 280 e 2,482 r 2,724 r --
Zimbabwe, concentrate 6,354 4,858 6,200 r, e 7,992 r 7,899
Grand total 1,630,000 r 1,380,000 r 1,650,000 r 2,050,000 r 2,000,000  
Of which:
Concentrate18 588,000 r 438,000 r 498,000 r 585,000 r 552,000
Ore and ore milled 458,000 r 431,000 r 597,000 r 787,000 r 845,000
Laterite ore 484,000 r 411,000 r 460,000 r 566,000 r 486,000
Ferronickel produced 15,000 12,000 14,400 17,300 19,400
Nickel sulfatee 507 r 733 r 317 r 217 r 225
Unspecified and (or) undifferentiated   79,500 r 84,800 r 80,000 r 90,000 r 93,300  
eEstimated. pPreliminary. rRevised. -- Zero.
1Grand totals and estimated data are rounded to no more than three significant digits; may not add to totals shown.
2Insofar as possible, this table represents recoverable mine production of nickel. Where actual mine output is not available, data related to-
a more highly processed form have been used to provide an indication of the magnitude of mine output and this is noted. Includes data-
available through March 2, 2015.
3North Korea may have an active nickel mine, but information is inadequate to make reliable estimates of output.-
4Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics (ABARE) data for mines in Western Australia and Tasmania.
TABLE 10-Continued
NICKEL: WORLD MINE PRODUCTION, BY COUNTRY1, 2
 
5Burmaʼs new Tagaung Taung Mine is a joint project of the Government of Burma, Chinaʼs Taiyuan Iron and Steel (Group) Co., Ltd.,-
and the China Nonferrous Metal Mining Group Co., Ltd. (CNMC). The joint venture officially began recovering laterite ore on-
March 27, 2011.-
6Included in table 11 (nickel intermediate materials), but revised to zero in this table.
7The gross weight of concentrates processed in Finland from domestic ores was, in metric tons, as follows: 2008-43,038 (under
-investigation); 2009-11,413 (revised); 2010-43,151 (revised); 2011-87,974 (revised); and 2012-99,089.
8In 2012, Cunico Resources Group N.V. acquired Guaxilan, S.A. and began mining high-grade saprolitic ores for export to Eastern-
Europe. Solway Investment Group Ltd. was also active in Guatemala and began upgrading the long-dormant Fenix Mine and ferronickel-
plant west of El Estor.
9Includes a small amount of cobalt that was not recovered separately.
10On February 17, 2008, the Kosovo Assembly declared independence from Serbia.-
11Cunico Resources Group extracts nickel ore from its open pit Rzanovo Mine and transports the ore by conveyor to its FeNi Industries-
pyrometallurgical facility in Kavadarci. At the Kavadarci plant, the Rzanovo ore is blended with higher grade imported ores from Albania,
-Indonesia, New Caledonia, and Turkey to optimize production.
12At yearend 2011, the Ramu nickel and cobalt project was undergoing commissioning. Beneficiated ore from the Kurumbukari Mine-
was to be piped to the treatment plant at Basamuk for leaching in autoclaves.
13Nickel content of concentrate produced at Rio Tuba in 2008-12 by Coral Bay Nickel Corp.
14Nickel content of ore mined in the Ural Mountains region.
15Nickel content of concentrate produced on the Kola and Taimyr Peninsulas.
16In December 2010, Rio Narcea Recursos, S.A. suspended production at its Aguablanca open pit mine after heavy rainfall caused a--
major slope failure on the main access ramp. Mining resumed in August 2011, but milling operations did not restart until the third-
quarter of 2012.
17Albidon Limited concentrates were shipped to Jinchuan, China. First production was in June 2008. The concentrate produced in 2010-
averaged 8.39% nickel. The Munali Mine was on care and maintenance from March to December 2009 until ramp-up problems were-
resolved and world nickel prices recovered.-
18Includes -Russia, sulfide concentrate.-

Source: United States Geological Survey Mineral Resources Program

See also: Mineral commodity prices


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