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Cobalt: Selected Projects Scheduled For Completion, By Year, By 2015

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TABLE 8
COBALT: SELECTED PROJECTS SCHEDULED FOR COMPLETION, BY YEAR, BY 2015 1, 2
 
Annual
production
capacity
Projected (metric
year of first Principal tons, cobalt
production Country Project and company3   Project type4     metal Ore/feed type content)   Cobalt product
20115 Australia Niwest new mine and heap- nickel nickel-cobalt laterite 1,400 Nickel-cobalt-
    GME Resources Ltd.   leaching operation       ore     sulfide.
2011 Do. Ravensthorpe reopen mine and- do. do. 1,400 Nickel-cobalt-
First Quantum Minerals Ltd. modify existing- hydroxide.
PAL processing
        operation              
2011 Canada Lockerby Depth expansion of existing do. nickel-copper-cobalt 80 6 Nickel-copper-
    First Nickel Inc.   mine-       sulfide ore     cobalt sulfide ore.
2011 Do. Raglan Mine expansion of existing do. nickel-copper- NA 6 Nickel concentrate.
Xstrata Nickel mine, stage 1 cobalt-platinum-
group metals sulfide
                ore      
2011 China Cobalt plant, phase I new refinery cobalt NA 2,000 NA.
Jiangwu Cobalt Co., Ltd.
(Jiangxi Rare Earth &
Rare Metals Tungsten
Group Holding Co., Ltd.,
Ganzhou State-Owned
Assets Management Co.,
Ltd., and Ganzhou
    Expressway Co., Ltd.)                  
2011 Do. Jiangsu Runjie New Material do. do. cobalt concentrate 2,000 Cobalt metal-
Nanjing Hanrui Cobalt Co., or cobalt powder, cobalt-
Ltd. carbonate oxalate, cobalt-
carbonate, cobalt
                      oxide.
2011 Congo Kipoi, stage 1 new mine and copper copper-cobalt oxide NA Stockpiled cobalt
(Kinshasa) Congo Minerals sprl beneficiation plant ore ore or cobalt
(subsidiary of Tiger concentrate for
Resources Ltd.) and La sale.
G-n-rale des Carri-res et-
    des Mines (G-camines)                  
2011 Do. Luilu Metallurgical Plant, refurbishment and do. copper-cobalt oxide 8,000 6 Cobalt cathode.
accelerated development expansion of and sulfide
plan, new phase 3 existing beneficiation concentrates
Katanga Mining Ltd. and plant and refinery
La G-n-rale des Carri-res-
    et des Mines (G-camines)                  
2011 Do. Luisha South DMS plant- new beneficiation plant do. stockpiled copper- 215 Copper-cobalt
stockpile cobalt oxide ore concentrate.
    African Metals Corp.                  
2011 Do. Luita SX-EW line addition to existing cobalt cobalt in solution 3,200 7 Cobalt cathode.
Boss Mining Sprl [Eurasian plant-
Natural Resources Corp.-
PLC and La G-n-rale des-
Carri-res et des Mines-
    (G-camines)]                  
See footnotes at end of table.
TABLE 8-Continued
COBALT: SELECTED PROJECTS SCHEDULED FOR COMPLETION, BY YEAR, BY 2015 1, 2
 
Annual
production
capacity
Projected (metric
year of first Principal tons, cobalt
production Country Project and company3   Project type4     metal Ore/feed type content)   Cobalt product
2011 Congo Mutanda, phase I new refinery copper copper-cobalt oxide 11,000 Cobalt hydroxide.
(Kinshasa) Mutanda Mining SPRL ore
[Glencore International AG,
Groupe Bazano, and La
G-n-rale des Carri-res et-
    des Mines (G-camines)]                  
2011 Do. Mutanda, phase 2 expansion of existing do. do. 23,000 6 Do.
Mutanda Mining SPRL operation
[Glencore International AG,
Groupe Bazano, and La
G-n-rale des Carri-res et-
    des Mines (G-camines)]                  
2011 Do. NA new mines, beneficiation do. copper-cobalt ore 1,500 Cobalt carbonate.
Metal Mines SPRL (Nanjing plant, and processing
    Hanrui Cobalt Co., Ltd.)   plant              
2011 Papua New Ramu new mine, beneficiation nickel nickel-cobalt laterite 3,300 Nickel-cobalt-
Guinea Metallurgical Corporation of plant, and HPAL ore hydroxide.
China Ltd., Jinchuan Group processing plant
Ltd., Jilin Jien Nickel
Industry Co., Ltd., Jiuquan
Iron & Steel Group Co., Ltd.,
Highlands Pacific Ltd., and
Mineral Resources-
    Development Co.                  
2011 South Africa Base Metals Refinery expansion of existing do. nickel-cobalt- 825 e, 6 Cobalt sulfate.
Anglo Platinum Ltd. refinery platinum-group-
metals converter-
                matte      
2011 Zambia New Nchanga smelter expansion of- copper copper-cobalt 5,000 6 Alliage rouge.
Konkola Copper Mines Plc production from concentrates
        existing smelter              
2012 Australia Cawse reconfigure existing nickel nickel sulfide ore NA Nickel hydroxide.
    OJSC MMC Norilsk Nickel   plant              
20125 Do. Gladstone Nickel, stage 1 new mine, beneficiation do. nickel-cobalt laterite 6,000 Cobalt metal.
Gladstone Pacific Nickel Ltd. plant, HPAL ore
processing plant,
        and refinery              
2012 Do. Mount Gunson MG 14 deposit new mine and copper copper-cobalt-silver 215 Copper-cobalt
    Gunson Resources Ltd.   beneficiation plant       sulfide ore     concentrate.
2012 Do. Radio Hill new bacterial heap- nickel nickel-copper sulfide NA Nickel-cobalt-
    Fox Resources Ltd.   leaching operation       ore and tailings     carbonate.
2012 Do. Rocklands Group Copper new mine and copper copper-cobalt-gold NA Cobaltic-pyrite
CuDeco Ltd. beneficiation plant oxide and sulfide- concentrate.
                ore      
2012 Brazil Sao Miguel Paulista refinery expansion of existing nickel nickel-cobalt matte 3,100 6 Cobalt cathode.
    Votorantim Metais Niquel SA   refinery              
2012 Canada Nunavik Nickel new mine and do. nickel-copper- 425 8 Nickel concentrate.
Jien Canada Mining Ltd. and beneficiation plant cobalt-platinum-
Goldbrook Ventures Inc. group metals
                sulfide ore      
See footnotes at end of table.
TABLE 8-Continued
COBALT: SELECTED PROJECTS SCHEDULED FOR COMPLETION, BY YEAR, BY 2015 1, 2
 
Annual
production
capacity
Projected (metric
year of first Principal tons, cobalt
production Country Project and company3   Project type4     metal Ore/feed type content)   Cobalt product
2012 Congo Luisha South DMS plant- new mine and copper copper-cobalt oxide NA Copper-cobalt
(Kinshasa) hard rock beneficiation plant and sulfide ores concentrate.
    African Metals Corp.                  
2012 Do. Usoke refinery, EW plant addition to existing do. copper-cobalt ore 3,000 7 Cobalt cathode.
for cobalt refinery
    Chemaf SPRL                  
2012 Finland Kevitsa new mine and nickel nickel-copper- 400 e, 8 Nickel-cobalt-
First Quantum Minerals Ltd. beneficiation plant cobalt-platinum- platinum-group
group metals- metals concentrate.
                gold sulfide ore      
2012 Do. Outokumpu stage 1 (formerly new mine and- copper copper-zinc-cobalt- 940 8 Cobalt-nickel
Kylylahti) refurbished nickel-gold sulfide concentrate.9
Altona Mining Ltd. (Universal beneficiation plant ore
Resources Ltd. and Vulcan
    Resources Ltd.)                  
2012 Do. Talvivaara expansion of existing nickel nickel-zinc-copper- 1,800 6 Nickel-cobalt sulfide.
    Talvivaara Mining Co. Ltd.   operation       cobalt sulfide ore      
2012 Madagascar Ambatovy Joint Venture new mine, HPAL- do. nickel-cobalt laterite 5,600 Cobalt metal powder
Sherritt International Corp., processing plant,- ore and briquettes.
Sumitomo Corp., Korea and refinery
Resources Corp., SNC-
    Lavalin Group Inc.                  
2012 South Africa Middleburg smelter adapt existing smelter platinum- platinum-group- NA Nickel-copper-
Jubilee Platinum plc to include ConRoast group- metals concentrates cobalt-iron-
process metals- and sludge platinum-group-
              nickel       metals alloy.
20125, 10 Turkey Caldag mine and heap-leaching nickel nickel-cobalt laterite 1,000 Nickel-cobalt
    European Nickel PLC-   operation       ore     hydroxide.
2012 United States Idaho Cobalt new mine and refinery cobalt stratiform cobalt- 1,625 Cobalt cathode.
  (Idaho) Formation Metals Inc.-           copper-gold ore      
2012 Zambia Chambishi Copper Smelter expand existing- copper copper-cobalt NA 11 NA.
China Nonferrous Metal smelter concentrates
Mining Group Co., Ltd.
and Yunnan Copper
    Industry Group Co., Ltd.                  
2012 Do. Chambishi Metals new SX-EW cobalt do. NA 3,000 Cobalt cathode.
Eurasian Natural Resources plant
    Corp. PLC                  
2013 Australia Barnes Hill new mine and ATML nickel nickel-cobalt laterite 400 e Nickel-cobalt-
Proto Resources & Investments processing plant ore intermediate.
    Ltd. and Metals Finance Ltd.                  
20135 Do. Wingellina Nickel new mine and HPAL do. do. 3,000 8 Nickel-cobalt
    Metals X Ltd.-   processing plant             hydroxide.
2013 Canada NICO new mine, relocated gold gold-cobalt-bismuth- 1,550 8 Cobalt cathode.
Fortune Minerals Ltd. and refurbished copper ore
beneficiation plant,
        and refinery              
See footnotes at end of table.
TABLE 8-Continued
COBALT: SELECTED PROJECTS SCHEDULED FOR COMPLETION, BY YEAR, BY 2015 1, 2
 
Annual
production
capacity
Projected (metric
year of first Principal tons, cobalt
production Country Project and company3   Project type4     metal Ore/feed type content)   Cobalt product
2013 Canada Voisey-s Bay Long-Harbour new refinery nickel nickel-copper- 2,500 Cobalt cathode.
commercial nickel processing cobalt sulfide
plant concentrate
    Vale S.A.                  
2013 Congo NA- expansion of existing copper copper-cobalt oxide 12,000 6 NA.
(Kinshasa) Boss Mining Sprl [(Eurasian operations ore
Natural Resources Corp.-
PLC and La G-n-rale des-
Carri-res et des Mines-
    (G-camines)]                  
2013 Do. Usoke refinery expansion of existing do. copper-cobalt ore 6,000 6 Cobalt cathode and
    Chemaf SPRL   refinery             cobalt hydroxide.
2013 Do. WOL-SX-EW refinery, new new beneficiation plant do. copper-cobalt oxide 12,000 Cobalt hydroxide.
phase 4 and SX-EW refinery and sulfide ore
Katanga Mining Ltd. and
La G-n-rale des Carri-res-
    et des Mines (G-camines)                  
2013 Japan Niihama expansion expansion of existing nickel nickel-cobalt sulfide 4,500 6 Cobalt cathode.
Sumitomo Metal Mining Co.,- refinery and nickel matte
    Ltd.                  
2013 Mexico El Boleo new mine and refinery copper copper-cobalt-zinc- 2,400 Do.
Baja Mining Corp., Korea manganese oxide
Resources Corp., L.S. Nikko and sulfide ores
Copper Inc., Hyundai Hysco
Co. Ltd., SK Networks Co.
Ltd., and Iljin Copper Foil
    Co. Ltd.                  
2013-14 Philippines Mindoro Nickel new mine, beneficiation- nickel nickel-cobalt laterite 3,300 Cobalt sulfate.
Intex Resources ASA plant, ATML and- ore
HPAL processing-
        plant, and refinery              
2013 Do. Taganito new HPAL processing do. do. 2,600 Nickel-cobalt-
Sumitomo Metal Mining Co.,- plant sulfide.
Ltd., Nickel Asia Corp., and-
    Mitsui & Co., Ltd.                  
2013 United States Eagle new mine, crusher,- nickel- nickel-copper 400 e Copper-nickel
(Michigan) Kennecott Eagle Minerals Co. and rehabilitated copper sulfide ore concentrate.
        beneficiation plant              
2013e United States NorthMet new mine, beneficiation- copper copper-nickel- 360 Separate nickel-
(Minnesota) PolyMet Mining Corp. plant, and refinery platinum-group and copper
metals sulfide ore concentrates-
initially, followed-
by nickel-cobalt
                      hydroxide.
2013 Zambia Muliashi new mine, heap-leaching do. copper-cobalt oxide 1,500 Cobalt hydroxide.
China Nonferrous Metal operation, and refinery ore
    Mining Group Co., Ltd.                  
See footnotes at end of table.
TABLE 8-Continued
COBALT: SELECTED PROJECTS SCHEDULED FOR COMPLETION, BY YEAR, BY 2015 1, 2
 
Annual
production
capacity
Projected (metric
year of first Principal tons, cobalt
production Country Project and company3   Project type4     metal Ore/feed type content)   Cobalt product
2014 Cameroon Nkamouna new mine and- cobalt nickel-cobalt laterite 6,100 8 Cobalt-nickel
Geovic Mining Corp. and- processing plant ore sulfide.
Soci-t- National-
d'Investissement du
    Cameroun                  
2014e Canada Makwa new mine and relocated nickel nickel-copper- 150 e Nickel concentrate.
Mustang Minerals Corp. beneficiation plant- platinum-group
                metals sulfide ore      
2014 Do. Minago new mine and do. nickel-copper- 230 e, 8 Do.
Victory Nickel Inc. beneficiation plant cobalt-platinum-
group metals-
precious metals
                sulfide ore      
2014 Congo Kipoi, stage 2 addition of heap- copper copper-cobalt oxide 800 NA.
(Kinshasa) Congo Minerals sprl leaching and- ore
(subsidiary of Tiger- SX-EW to existing-
Resources- Ltd.) and operation
La G-n-rale des Carri-res-
    et des Mines (G-camines)                  
2014e Do. NA new mine, beneficiation do. copper-cobalt ore 19,000 Alliage blanc.
La Sino-Congolaise des Mines plant, and smelter
Sarl (Sicomines) joint
    venture12                  
2014 Do. Tenke Fungurume, phase 2 expansion of existing do. copper-cobalt oxide, 16,000 6 Cobalt hydroxide.
Freeport-McMoRan Copper operation mixed oxide/sulfide,
& Gold Inc., Lundin Mining and sulfide ores
Corp., and La G-n-rale
des Carri-res et des-
    Mines (G-camines)                  
2014 Philippines Acoje new mine and heap- nickel nickel-cobalt laterite 930 8 Nickel-cobalt
European Nickel PLC and leaching operation ore hydroxide.
    DMCI Mining Corp.                  
2014 Tanzania Kabanga new mine and do. nickel sulfide ore NA Nickel concentrate.
Barrick Gold Corp. and Xstrata beneficiation plant
    Nickel-                  
2014 Zambia Ichimpe new mine- copper copper-cobalt ore 2,000 NA.
    Zhonghui Mining Group Ltd.                  
2015 Congo WOL-SX-EW refinery, new expand new- do. copper-cobalt oxide 22,000 6 Cobalt hydroxide.
(Kinshasa) phase 5 beneficiation plant- and sulfide ore
Katanga Mining Ltd. and and SX-EW refinery
La G-n-rale des Carri-res-
    et des Mines (G-camines)                  
eEstimated. Do., do. Ditto. NA Not available.
1Estimated data are rounded to no more than three significant digits.
2Projects in feasibility or later stages of development in 2010. Actual startup dates may be postponed owing to economic or other factors. Additional projects
might produce cobalt by 2015, but not enough information was available to include them.
3DMS dense media separation. EW electrowinning. SX-EW solvent extraction-electrowinning. WOL-SX-EW whole ore leach-solvent extraction-
electrowinning.
4ATML Atmospheric leach. HPAL High pressure acid leach. PAL pressure acid leach. SX-EW solvent extraction-electrowinning.-
5Startup date provided before project postponement was announced; no information is available on the length of delay.
TABLE 8-Continued
COBALT: SELECTED PROJECTS SCHEDULED FOR COMPLETION, BY YEAR, BY 2015 1, 2
 
6Total capacity following expansion.
7Addition will not increase total plant capacity.
8Average production.
9Cobalt-nickel concentrate will be stockpiled until a marketable product is developed.
10Placed on care-and-maintenance status until forestry permit is granted.
11Company plans to double copper capacity.
12The Sicomines joint venture comprises the following Chinese and Congolese companies: China Railway Group Ltd., Sinohydro Corp., Zhejiang Huayou Cobalt Co.,-
Ltd., and La G-n-rale des Carri-res et des Mines (G-camines).

Source: United States Geological Survey Mineral Resources Program

See also: Mineral commodity prices


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