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Republic of Colombia
República de Colombia  (Spanish)
FlagCoat of arms
Motto: "Libertad y Orden" (Spanish)
"Freedom and Order"
Anthem: ¡Oh, Gloria Inmarcesible!  (Spanish)
O unfading glory!
Capital
and largest city
Bogotá
4°35′N74°4′W / 4.583°N 74.067°W / 4.583; -74.067
Official languagesSpanisha
Recognised regional languages68 ethnic languages and dialects. English also official in the archipelago of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina.
Ethnic groups (2005[1][2])
DemonymColombian
GovernmentUnitarypresidentialconstitutional republic
 • PresidentJuan Manuel Santos
 • Vice PresidentGermán Vargas Lleras
 • President of the CongressMauricio Lizcano
 • President of the Supreme CourtMargarita Cabello Blanco
LegislatureCongress
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseChamber of Representatives
Independence from Spain
 • Declared20 July 1810 
 • Recognized7 August 1819 
 • Current constitution4 July 1991 
Area
 • Total1,141,748 km2 (26th)
440,831 sq mi
 • Water (%)8.8 (17th)
Population
 • July 2016 estimate48,786,100 [3] (28th)
 • 2005 census42,888,592 [3]
 • Density40.74/km2 (173rd)
105.72/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
 • Total$690.847  billion[4] (31st)
 • Per capita$14,171[4]
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
 • Total$253.240  billion[4] (32nd)
 • Per capita$5,194[4]
Gini (2015) 52.2[5]
high ·12th
HDI (2014)Increase 0.720[6]
high ·97th
CurrencyPeso (COP)
Time zoneCOT(UTC−5b)
Date formatdd−mm−yyyy (CE)
Drives on theright
Calling code+57
ISO 3166 codeCO
Internet TLD.co
a.Although the Colombian Constitution specifies Spanish (Castellano) as the official language in all Colombian territory, other languages spoken in the country by ethnic groups -- approximately 68 languages -- each is also official in its own territory.[7] English is also official in the archipelago of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina.[8]
b.The official Colombian time [9] is controlled and coordinated by the National Institute of Metrology.[10]

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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