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Republic of Colombia
República de Colombia  (Spanish)
FlagCoat of arms
Motto: "Libertad y Orden" (Spanish)
"Freedom and Order"
Anthem: ¡Oh, Gloria Inmarcesible!  (Spanish)
O unfading glory!
Capital
and largest city
Bogota (escudo).svgBogotá
4°35′N74°4′W / 4.583°N 74.067°W / 4.583; -74.067
Official languagesSpanisha
Recognised regional languages68 ethnic languages and dialects. English also official in the San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina Islands.
Ethnic groups (2005[1][2])
DemonymColombian
GovernmentUnitarypresidentialconstitutional republic
 - PresidentJuan Manuel Santos
 - Vice PresidentGermán Vargas Lleras
LegislatureCongress
 - Upper houseSenate
 - Lower houseChamber of Representatives
Independence from Spain
 - Declared20 July 1810 
 - Recognized7 August 1819 
 - Current constitution4 July 1991 
Area
 - Total1,141,748 km2 (26th)
440,831 sq mi
 - Water (%)8.8 (17th)
Population
 - February 2015 estimate48,014,026 [3] (27th)
 - 2005 census42,888,592 [3]
 - Density40.74/km2 (173rd)
105.72/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
 - Total$682.977  billion[4] (28th)
 - Per capita$14,164[4]
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
 - Total$427.139 billion[4] (29th)
 - Per capita$8,858[4]
Gini (2014)53.8[5]
high ·high
HDI (2013)Steady 0.711[6]
high ·98th
CurrencyPeso (COP)
Time zoneCOT(UTC−5b)
Date formatdd−mm−yyyy (CE)
Drives on theright
Calling code+57
ISO 3166 codeCO
Internet TLD.co
a.Although the Colombian Constitution specifies Spanish (Castellano) as the official language in all its territory, other languages spoken in the country by ethnic groups (approximately 68 languages) are also official in their territories.[7] English is also official in San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina Islands.[8]
b.The official Colombian time [9] is controlled and coordinated by the state agency Superintendency of Industry and Commerce.[10]

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of June 30, 2015


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