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Republic of Colombia
República de Colombia  (Spanish)
Motto: "Libertad y Orden" (Spanish)
"Freedom and Order"
Anthem: ¡Oh, Gloria Inmarcesible!  (Spanish)
O unfading glory!
Location of Colombia
Capital
and largest city
Bogotá
4°35′N74°4′W / 4.583°N 74.067°W / 4.583; -74.067
Official languagesSpanisha
Recognized regional languages68 ethnic languages and dialects. English is also official in the archipelago of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina.
Ethnic groups(2005[1][2])
DemonymColombian
GovernmentUnitarypresidentialconstitutional republic
Juan Manuel Santos
Óscar Naranjo
Mauricio Lizcano
Margarita Cabello Blanco
LegislatureCongress
Senate
Chamber of Representatives
Independence from Spain
20 July 1810
• Recognized
7 August 1819
• Last unitarisation
1886
4 July 1991
Area
• Total
1,141,748 km2 (440,831 sq mi) (25th)
• Water (%)
8.8 (17th)
Population
• June 2017 estimate
49,829,325[3] (28th)
• 2005 census
42,888,592[3]
• Density
40.74/km2 (105.5/sq mi) (173rd)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$720.151 billion[4] (31st)
• Per capita
$14,609[4]
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$306.439 billion[4] (32nd)
• Per capita
$6,216[4]
Gini (2016) 51.7[5]
high
HDI (2015)Increase 0.727[6]
high · 95th
CurrencyPeso (COP)
Time zoneCOT(UTC−5b)
Date formatdd−mm−yyyy (CE)
Drives on theright
Calling code+57
ISO 3166 codeCO
Internet TLD.co
  1. Although the Colombian Constitution specifies Spanish (Castellano) as the official language in all Colombian territory, other languages spoken in the country by ethnic groups – approximately 68 languages – each is also official in its own territory.[7] English is also official in the archipelago of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina.[8]
  2. The official Colombian time [9] is controlled and coordinated by the National Institute of Metrology.[10]

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 9, 2017


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