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Australia Demographics Profile 2017

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Population22,992,654 (July 2016 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 17.84% (male 2,105,433/female 1,997,433)
15-24 years: 12.96% (male 1,528,993/female 1,451,340)
25-54 years: 41.55% (male 4,862,591/female 4,691,975)
55-64 years: 11.82% (male 1,347,780/female 1,369,501)
65 years and over: 15.82% (male 1,684,339/female 1,953,269) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 50.9
youth dependency ratio: 28.2
elderly dependency ratio: 22.7
potential support ratio: 4.4 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 38.6 years
male: 37.8 years
female: 39.4 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate1.05% (2016 est.)
Birth rate12.1 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate7.2 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate5.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 89.4% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 1.47% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationSydney 4.505 million; Melbourne 4.203 million; Brisbane 2.202 million; Perth 1.861 million; Adelaide 1.256 million; CANBERRA (capital) 423,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth30.5 years (2006 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 4.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 4.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 82.2 years
male: 79.8 years
female: 84.8 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.77 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate72.3%
note: percent of women aged 18-44 (2005)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.16% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS26,900 (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths200 (2015 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Australian(s)
adjective: Australian
Ethnic groupsEnglish 25.9%, Australian 25.4%, Irish 7.5%, Scottish 6.4%, Italian 3.3%, German 3.2%, Chinese 3.1%, Indian 1.4%, Greek 1.4%, Dutch 1.2%, other 15.8% (includes Australian aboriginal .5%), unspecified 5.4%
note: data represent self-identified ancestry, over a third of respondents reported two ancestries (2011 est.)
ReligionsProtestant 30.1% (Anglican 17.1%, Uniting Church 5.0%, Presbyterian and Reformed 2.8%, Baptist, 1.6%, Lutheran 1.2%, Pentecostal 1.1%, other Protestant 1.3%), Catholic 25.3% (Roman Catholic 25.1%, other Catholic 0.2%), other Christian 2.9%, Orthodox 2.8%, Buddhist 2.5%, Muslim 2.2%, Hindu 1.3%, other 1.3%, none 22.3%, unspecified 9.3% (2011 est.)
LanguagesEnglish 76.8%, Mandarin 1.6%, Italian 1.4%, Arabic 1.3%, Greek 1.2%, Cantonese 1.2%, Vietnamese 1.1%, other 10.4%, unspecified 5% (2011 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 20 years
male: 20 years
female: 21 years (2014)
Education expenditures5.3% of GDP (2013)
Maternal mortality rate6 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight0.2% (2007)
Health expenditures9.4% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density3.37 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
Hospital bed density3.9 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate29.9% (2014)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on July 9, 2017