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Argentine Republic[A]
República Argentina  (Spanish)
FlagCoat of arms
Motto: 
Anthem: 
Sol de Mayo[2]
(Sun of May)

Sol de Mayo
Mainland Argentina shown in dark green, with territorial claims shown in light green
Mainland Argentina shown in dark green, with territorial claims shown in light green
Capital
and largest city
Buenos Aires
34°36′S58°23′W / 34.600°S 58.383°W / -34.600; -58.383
Official languagesSpanish[a]
Ethnic groups
Demonym
GovernmentFederalpresidentialconstitutional republic
 - PresidentCristina Fernández de Kirchner
 - Vice PresidentAmado Boudou
 - Supreme Court PresidentRicardo Lorenzetti
LegislatureCongress
 - Upper houseSenate
 - Lower houseChamber of Deputies
Independence from Spain
 - May Revolution25 May 1810 
 - Declared9 July 1816 
 - Constitution1 May 1853 
 - Recognized29 April 1857 
Area
 - Total2,780,400 km2[B] (8th)
1,073,518 sq mi
 - Water (%)1.57
Population
 - 2014 estimate42,669,500[4]
 - 2010 census40,117,096[3] (32nd)
 - Density14.4/km2[3] (212th)
37.3/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
 - Total$953.029 billion[5] (25th)
 - Per capita$22,459[5] (57th)
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
 - Total$563.138 billion[5] (21st)
 - Per capita$13,271[5] (54th)
Gini (2011)positive decrease 43.6[6]
medium
HDI (2013)Increase 0.808[7]
very high ·49th
CurrencyPeso ($) (ARS)
Time zoneART(UTC−3)
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy (CE)
Drives on theright[b]
Calling code+54
ISO 3166 codeAR
Internet TLD.ar
a.^De facto at all government levels.[C] In addition, some provinces have official de jure languages:
 ·Guaraní in Corrientes Province.[8]
 ·Kom, Moqoit and Wichi, in Chaco Province.[9]
b.^ Trains ride on left.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of June 30, 2015


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