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Zimbabwe Geography Profile 2018

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LocationSouthern Africa, between South Africa and Zambia
Geographic coordinates20 00 S, 30 00 E
Map referencesAfrica
Areatotal: 390,757 sq km
land: 386,847 sq km
water: 3,910 sq km
Area - comparativeabout four times the size of Indiana; slightly larger than Montana
Land boundariestotal: 3,229 km
border countries (4): Botswana 834 km, Mozambique 1,402 km, South Africa 230 km, Zambia 763 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claimsnone (landlocked)
Climatetropical; moderated by altitude; rainy season (November to March)
Terrainmostly high plateau with higher central plateau (high veld); mountains in east
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 961 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: junction of the Runde and Save Rivers 162 m
highest point: Inyangani 2,592 m
Natural resourcescoal, chromium ore, asbestos, gold, nickel, copper, iron ore, vanadium, lithium, tin, platinum group metals
Land useagricultural land: 42.5%
arable land 10.9%; permanent crops 0.3%; permanent pasture 31.3%
forest: 39.5%
other: 18% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land1,740 sq km (2012)
Population distributionAside from major urban agglomerations in Harare and Bulawayo, population distribution is fairly even, with slightly greater overall numbers in the eastern half
Natural hazardsrecurring droughts; floods and severe storms are rare
Environment - current issuesdeforestation; soil erosion; land degradation; air and water pollution; the black rhinoceros herd - once the largest concentration of the species in the world - has been significantly reduced by poaching; poor mining practices have led to toxic waste and heavy metal pollution
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notelandlocked; the Zambezi forms a natural riverine boundary with Zambia; in full flood (February-April) the massive Victoria Falls on the river forms the world's largest curtain of falling water; Lake Kariba on the Zambia-Zimbabwe border forms the world's largest reservoir by volume (180 cu km; 43 cu mi)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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