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Yemen Demographics Profile 2018

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Population28,036,829 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 39.83% (male 5,681,084/female 5,485,959)
15-24 years: 21.21% (male 3,015,232/female 2,930,329)
25-54 years: 32.27% (male 4,625,967/female 4,422,418)
55-64 years: 3.94% (male 506,759/female 598,973)
65 years and over: 2.75% (male 353,953/female 416,155) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 76.8
youth dependency ratio: 71.7
elderly dependency ratio: 5.1
potential support ratio: 19.8 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 19.5 years
male: 19.3 years
female: 19.6 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate2.28% (2017 est.)
Birth rate28.4 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate6 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate0.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 35.8% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 3.76% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationSANAA (capital) 2.962 million; Aden 882,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.85 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.87 male(s)/female
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth21.4 years
median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2013 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 46 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 50.1 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 41.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 65.9 years
male: 63.7 years
female: 68.2 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate3.63 children born/woman (2017 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate33.5% (2013)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate<.1% (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS9,900 (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths<500 (2016 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 72% of population
rural: 46.5% of population
total: 54.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 28% of population
rural: 53.5% of population
total: 45.1% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 92.5% of population
rural: 34.1% of population
total: 53.3% of population
unimproved:
urban: 7.5% of population
rural: 65.9% of population
total: 46.7% of population (2012 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria
water contact disease: schistosomiasis (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Yemeni(s)
adjective: Yemeni
Ethnic groupspredominantly Arab; but also Afro-Arab, South Asians, Europeans
ReligionsMuslim 99.1% (official; virtually all are citizens, an estimated 65% are Sunni and 35% are Shia), other 0.9% (includes Jewish, Baha'i, Hindu, and Christian; many are refugees or temporary foreign residents) (2010 est.)
LanguagesArabic (official)
note: a distinct Socotri language is widely used on Socotra Island and Archipelago; Mahri is still fairly widely spoken in eastern Yemen
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 70.1%
male: 85.1%
female: 55% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 9 years
male: 10 years
female: 8 years (2011)
Education expenditures4.6% of GDP (2008)
Maternal mortality rate385 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight39.9% (2013)
Health expenditures5.6% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.31 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density0.7 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate17.1% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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