World Demographics Profile 2019

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Population
7,503,828,180 (2018 est.)
top ten most populous countries (in millions): China 1379.3; India 1281.93; United States 326.63; Indonesia 260.58; Brazil 207.35; Pakistan 204.92; Nigeria 190.63; Bangladesh 157.83; Russia 142.26; Japan 126.45;

ten least populous countries: Holy See (Vatican City) 1,000; Montserrat 5,292; Saint Pierre and Miquelon 5,533; Saint Barthelemy 7,184; Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan de Cunha 7,828; Cook Islands 9,290; Tuvalu 11,052; Nauru 11,359; Wallis and Futuna 15,714; Anguilla 17,087;

ten most densely populated countries (population per sq km): Macau 21,346; Monaco 15,322; Singapore 8,572; Hong Kong 6,702; Gaza Strip 4,987; Gibraltar 4,523; Bahrain 1,857; Maldives 1,318; Malta 1,317; Bermuda 1,312;

ten least densely populated countries (population per sq km): Greenland less than 1; Mongolia 2; Western Sahara 2.3; Australia 3; Namibia 3; Iceland 3.4; Mauritania 3.6; Guyana 3.7; Libya 3.8; Suriname 3.8

Age structure
0-14 years: 25.29% (male 981,129,427/female 916,864,766)
15-24 years: 15.77% (male 611,245,863/female 572,115,168)
25-54 years: 41.03% (male 1,559,197,242/female 1,519,386,627)
55-64 years: 8.84% (male 324,134,030/female 339,551,038)
65 years and over: 9.06% (male 303,788,086/female 376,415,933) (2018 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 52.5 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 39.9 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 12.6 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 7.9 (2015 est.)
Median age
total: 30.6 years (2018 est.)
male: 29.9 years
female: 31.4 years
Population growth rate
1.05% (2018 est.)

note: this rate results in about 149 net additions to the worldwide population every minute or 2.5 every second

Birth rate
18.2 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)

note: this rate results in about 259 worldwide births per minute or 4.3 births every second

Death rate
7.7 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)

note: this rate results in about 108 worldwide deaths per minute or 1.8 deaths every second

Urbanization
urban population: 55.7% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 1.9% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
ten largest urban agglomerations: Tokyo (Japan) - 37,435,000; New Delhi (India) - 29,399,000; Shanghai (China) - 26,317,000; Sao Paulo (Brazil) - 21,847,000; Mexico City (Mexico) - 21,672,000; Cairo (Egypt) - 20,485,000; Dhaka (Bangladesh) - 20,284,000; Mumbai (India) - 20,185,000; Beijing (China) - 20,035,000; Osaka (Japan) - 19,223,000 (2019)
ten largest urban agglomerations, by continent:
Africa -
Cairo (Egypt) - 20,485,000; Lagos (Nigeria) - 13,904,000; Kinshasha (DRC) - 13,743,000; Luanda (Angola) - 8,045,000; Dar Es Salaam (Tanzania) - 6,368,000; Khartoum (Sudan) - 5,678,000; Johannesburg (South Africa) - 5,635,000; Alexandria (Egypt) - 5,182,000; Abidjan (Cote d'Ivoire) - 5,059,000; Addis Ababa (Ethiopia) - 4,592,000

Asia - Tokyo (Japan) - 37,435,000; New Delhi (India) - 29,399,000; Shanghai (China) - 26,317,000; Dhaka (Bangladesh) - 20,284,000; Mumbai (India) - 20,185,000; Beijing (China) - 20,035,000; Osaka (Japan) - 19,223,000; Karachi (Pakistan) - 15,741,000; Chongqing (China) - 15,354,000; Istanbul (Turkey) - 14,968,000

Europe - Moscow (Russia) - 12,476,000; Paris (France) - 10,958,000; London (United Kingdom) - 9,177,000; Madrid (Spain) - 6,559,000; Barcelona (Spain) - 5,541,000, Saint Petersburg (Russia) -  5,427,000; Rome (Italy) - 4,234,000; Berlin (Germany) - 3,557,000; Athens (Greece) - 3,154,000; Milan (Italy) - 3,136,000

North America - Mexico City (Mexico) - 21,672,000; New York-Newark (United States) - 18,805,000; Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana (United States) - 12,448,000; Chicago (United States) - 8,862,000; Houston (United States) - 6,245,000; Dallas-Fort Worth (United States) - 6,201,000; Toronto (Canada) - 6,139,000; Miami (United States) - 6,079,000; Philadelphia (United States) - 5,705,000; Atlanta (United States) - 5,689,000

Oceania - Melbourne (Australia) - 4,870,000, Sydney (Australia) - 4,859,000; Brisbane (Australia) - 2,372,000; Perth (Australia) - 2,016,000; Auckland (New Zealand) - 1,582,000; Adelaide (Australia) - 1,328,000; Gold Coast-Tweed Head (Australia) - 687,000; Canberra (Australia) - 452,000; Newcastle-Maitland (Australia) - 447,000; Wellington (New Zealand) - 413,000

South America - Sao Paulo (Brazil) - 21,847,000; Buenos Aires (Argentina) - 15,057,000; Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) - 13,374,000; Bogota (Colombia) - 10,779,000; Lima (Peru) - 10,555,000; Santiago (Chile) - 6,724,000; Belo Horizonte (Brazil) - 6,028,000; Brasilia (Brazil) - 4,559,000; Porto Alegre (Brazil) - 4,115,000; Recife (Brazil) - 4,078,000 (2019)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 32 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 34 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 29.9 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 69.8 years (2018 est.)
male: 67.8 years
female: 72 years
Total fertility rate
2.42 children born/woman (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.8% (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
37.9 million (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
770,000 (2018 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 96.5% of population
rural: 84.7% of population
total: 91.1% of population
unimproved: urban: 3.5% of population
rural: 15.3% of population
total: 8.9% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 82.3% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 50.5% of population (2015 est.)
total: 67.7% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 17.7% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 49.5% of population (2015 est.)
total: 32.3% of population (2015 est.)
Religions

Christian 31.4%, Muslim 23.2%, Hindu 15%, Buddhist 7.1%, folk religions 5.9%, Jewish 0.2%, other 0.8%, unaffiliated 16.4%

Languages

most-spoken language: English 15.1%, Mandarin Chinese 14.9%, Hindi 8.2%, Spanish 7.1%, French 3.7%, Arabic 3.7%, Bengali 3.5%, Russian 3.4%, Portuguese 3.1%, Indonesian 2.7% (2019 est.)

most-spoken first language: Mandarin Chinese 12.3%, Spanish 6%, English 5.1%, Arabic 5.1%, Hindi 3.5%, Bengali 3.3%, Portuguese 3%, Russian 2.1%, Japanese 1.7%, Punjabi, Western 1.3%, Javanese 1.1% (2018 est.)

note 1: the six UN languages - Arabic, Chinese (Mandarin), English, French, Russian, and Spanish (Castilian) - are the mother tongue or second language of about 45% of the world's population, and are the official languages in more than half the states in the world; some 400 languages have more than a million first-language speakers (2018)

note 2: all told, there are estimated to be just over 7,100 languages spoken in the world; approximately 80% of these languages are spoken by less than 100,000 people; about 150 languages are spoken by less than 10 people; communities that are isolated from each other in mountainous regions often develop multiple languages; Papua New Guinea, for example, boasts about 840 separate languages (2019)

note 3: approximately 2,300 languages are spoken in Asia, 2,140, in Africa, 1,310 in the Pacific, 1,060 in the Americas, and 290 in Europe (2019)

Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 86.2%
male: 89.8%
female: 82.6% (2016 est.)

note: more than three-quarters of the world's 750 million illiterate adults are found in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa; of all the illiterate adults in the world, almost two-thirds are women (2016)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 12 years
male: 12 years
female: 12 years (2017)
Education expenditures
NA
Maternal mortality rate
211 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on December 7, 2019