World Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)

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Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):

-3% (of GDP) (2016 est.)

Definition: This entry records the difference between national government revenues and expenditures, expressed as a percent of GDP. A positive (+) number indicates that revenues exceeded expenditures (a budget surplus), while a negative (-) number indicates the reverse (a budget deficit). Normalizing the data, by dividing the budget balance by GDP, enables easy comparisons across countries and indicates whether a national government saves or borrows money. Countries with high budget deficits (relative to their GDPs) generally have more difficulty raising funds to finance expenditures, than those with lower deficits.

Source: CIA World Factbook - This page was last updated on December 7, 2019

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