West Bank Geography Profile 2018

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LocationMiddle East, west of Jordan, east of Israel
Geographic coordinates32 00 N, 35 15 E
Map referencesMiddle East
Areatotal: 5,860 sq km
land: 5,640 sq km
water: 220 sq km
note: includes West Bank, Latrun Salient, and the northwest quarter of the Dead Sea, but excludes Mt. Scopus; East Jerusalem and Jerusalem No Man's Land are also included only as a means of depicting the entire area occupied by Israel in 1967
Area - comparativeslightly smaller than Delaware
Land boundariestotal: 478 km
border countries (2): Israel 330 km, Jordan 148 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claimsnone (landlocked)
Climatetemperate; temperature and precipitation vary with altitude, warm to hot summers, cool to mild winters
Terrainmostly rugged, dissected upland in west, flat plains descending to Jordan River Valley to the east
Elevation extremesmean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Dead Sea -408 m
highest point: Nabi Yunis 1,020 m
Natural resourcesarable land
Land useagricultural land: 43.3%
arable land 7.4%; permanent crops 11%; permanent pasture 24.9%
forest: 1.5%
other: 55.2%
note: includes Gaza Strip (2011 est.)
Irrigated land240 sq km; note - includes Gaza Strip (2012)
Population distributionPalestinian settlements are primarily located in the central to western half of the territory; Jewish settlements are found in pockets throughout, particularly in the northeast, north-central, and around Jerusalem
Natural hazardsdroughts
Environment - current issuesadequacy of freshwater supply; sewage treatment
Geography - notelandlocked; highlands are main recharge area for Israel's coastal aquifers; there are about 380 Israeli civilian sites, including about 213 settlements and 132 small outpost communities in the West Bank and 35 sites in East Jerusalem (2017)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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