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Wallis and Futuna Geography Profile

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Location
Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand
Geographic coordinates
13 18 S, 176 12 W
Map references
Oceania
Area
total: 142 sq km
land: 142 sq km
water: 0 sq km

note: includes Ile Uvea (Wallis Island), Ile Futuna (Futuna Island), Ile Alofi, and 20 islets

Area - comparative
1.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries
total: 0 km
Coastline
129 km
Maritime claims
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climate
tropical; hot, rainy season (November to April); cool, dry season (May to October); rains 250-300 cm per year (80% humidity); average temperature 26.6 degrees Celsius
Terrain
volcanic origin; low hills
Elevation extremes
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mont Singavi (on Futuna) 522 m
Natural resources
NEGL
Land use
agricultural land: 42.8% (2011 est.)
arable land: 7.1% (2011 est.) / permanent crops: 35.7% (2011 est.) / permanent pasture: 0% (2011 est.)
forest: 41.9% (2011 est.)
other: 15.3% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land
0 sq km (2012)
Natural hazards
cyclones; tsunamis
Environment - current issues
deforestation (only small portions of the original forests remain) largely as a result of the continued use of wood as the main fuel source; as a consequence of cutting down the forests, the mountainous terrain of Futuna is particularly prone to erosion; there are no permanent settlements on Alofi because of the lack of natural freshwater resources; lack of soil fertility on the islands of Uvea and Futuna negatively impacts agricultural producitivity
Geography - note
both island groups have fringing reefs; Wallis contains several prominent crater lakes

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on Friday, November 27, 2020