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Virgin Islands Geography Profile 2018

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LocationCaribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of Puerto Rico
Geographic coordinates18 20 N, 64 50 W
Map referencesCentral America and the Caribbean
Areatotal: 1,910 sq km
land: 346 sq km
water: 1,564 sq km
Area - comparativetwice the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline188 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climatesubtropical, tempered by easterly trade winds, relatively low humidity, little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season September to November
Terrainmostly hilly to rugged and mountainous with little flat land
Elevation extremesmean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Crown Mountain 474 m
Natural resourcespleasant climate, beaches foster tourism
Land useagricultural land: 11.5%
arable land 2.9%; permanent crops 2.9%; permanent pasture 5.7%
forest: 57.4%
other: 31.1% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land1 sq km (2012)
Population distributionwhile overall population density throughout the islands is relatively low, concentrations appear around Charlotte Amalie on St. Thomas and Christiansted on St. Croix
Natural hazardsseveral hurricanes in recent years; frequent and severe droughts and floods; occasional earthquakes
Environment - current issueslack of natural freshwater resources
Geography - noteimportant location along the Anegada Passage - a key shipping lane for the Panama Canal; Saint Thomas has one of the best natural deepwater harbors in the Caribbean

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018