Flag of Vietnam

Vietnam Demographics Profile

Home > Factbook > Countries > Vietnam

Population
98,721,275 (July 2020 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 22.61% (male 11,733,704/female 10,590,078)
15-24 years: 15.22% (male 7,825,859/female 7,202,716)
25-54 years: 45.7% (male 22,852,429/female 22,262,566)
55-64 years: 9.55% (male 4,412,111/female 5,016,880)
65 years and over: 6.91% (male 2,702,963/female 4,121,969) (2020 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 45.1
youth dependency ratio: 33.6
elderly dependency ratio: 11.4
potential support ratio: 8.8 (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 31.9 years
male: 30.8 years
female: 33 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
0.84% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
14.5 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
6 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 37.3% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 2.98% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
8.602 million Ho Chi Minh City, 4.678 million HANOI (capital), 1.618 million Can Tho, 1.300 million Hai Phong, 1.125 million Da Nang, 1.013 million Bien Hoa (2020)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.09 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.11 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.09 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.88 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.66 male(s)/female
total population: 100.7 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 15.7 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 16 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 15.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 74.4 years
male: 71.9 years
female: 77.1 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.77 children born/woman (2020 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
77.5% (2016)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.3% (2019 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
230,000 (2019 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
5,000 (2019 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 98.6% of population
rural: 92.6% of population
total: 94.7% of population
unimproved: urban: 1.4% of population
rural: 7.4% of population
total: 5.3% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 96.9% of population
rural: 82.1% of population
total: 87.3% of population
unimproved: urban: 3.1% of population
rural: 17.9% of population
total: 12.7% of population (2017 est.)
Major infectious diseases
degree of risk: very high (2020)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, and Japanese encephalitis
Nationality
noun: Vietnamese (singular and plural)
adjective: Vietnamese
Ethnic groups
Kinh (Viet) 85.7%, Tay 1.9%, Thai 1.8%, Muong 1.5%, Khmer 1.5%, Mong 1.2%, Nung 1.1%, Hoa 1%, other 4.3% (2009 est.)

note: 54 ethnic groups are recognized by the Vietnamese Government

Religions
Buddhist 7.9%, Catholic 6.6%, Hoa Hao 1.7%, Cao Dai 0.9%, Protestant 0.9%, Muslim 0.1%, none 81.8% (2009 est.)
Languages
Vietnamese (official), English (increasingly favored as a second language), some French, Chinese, and Khmer, mountain area languages (Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian)
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 95%
male: 96.5%
female: 93.6% (2018)
Education expenditures
5.7% of GDP (2013)
Maternal mortality rate
43 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
13.4% (2017)
Health expenditures
5.5% (2017)
Physicians density
0.83 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
Hospital bed density
2.6 beds/1,000 population (2014)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
2.1% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on Friday, November 27, 2020

Demographics Comparison