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Vietnam Demographics Profile 2018

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Population96,160,163 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 23.55% (male 11,909,326/female 10,735,324)
15-24 years: 16.23% (male 8,098,019/female 7,509,021)
25-54 years: 45.56% (male 22,087,095/female 21,719,615)
55-64 years: 8.55% (male 3,798,928/female 4,419,837)
65 years and over: 6.12% (male 2,281,923/female 3,601,075) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 42.5
youth dependency ratio: 32.9
elderly dependency ratio: 9.6
potential support ratio: 10.4 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 30.5 years
male: 29.4 years
female: 31.7 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate0.93% (2017 est.)
Birth rate15.5 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate5.9 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate-0.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 34.9% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 2.59% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationHo Chi Minh City 7.298 million; HANOI (capital) 3.629 million; Can Tho 1.175 million; Haiphong 1.075 million; Da Nang 952,000; Bien Hoa 834,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.11 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.11 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.85 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.63 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 17.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 17.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 16.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 73.7 years
male: 71.2 years
female: 76.4 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate1.81 children born/woman (2017 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate75.7% (2015)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.4% (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS250,000 (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths8,000 (2016 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 99.1% of population
rural: 96.9% of population
total: 97.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.9% of population
rural: 3.1% of population
total: 2.4% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 94.4% of population
rural: 69.7% of population
total: 78% of population
unimproved:
urban: 5.6% of population
rural: 30.3% of population
total: 22% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, and Japanese encephalitis (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Vietnamese (singular and plural)
adjective: Vietnamese
Ethnic groupsKinh (Viet) 85.7%, Tay 1.9%, Thai 1.8%, Muong 1.5%, Khmer 1.5%, Mong 1.2%, Nung 1.1%, Hoa 1%, other 4.3%
note: 54 ethnic groups are recognized by the Vietnamese Government (2009 est.)
ReligionsBuddhist 7.9%, Catholic 6.6%, Hoa Hao 1.7%, Cao Dai 0.9%, Protestant 0.9%, Muslim 0.1%, none 81.8% (2009 est.)
LanguagesVietnamese (official), English (increasingly favored as a second language), some French, Chinese, and Khmer, mountain area languages (Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 94.5%
male: 96.3%
female: 92.8% (2015 est.)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 2,545,616
percentage: 16% (2006 est.)
Education expenditures5.7% of GDP (2013)
Maternal mortality rate54 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight14.1% (2015)
Health expenditures7.1% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density1.18 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
Hospital bed density2 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate2.1% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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