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Vietnam Demographics Profile 2019

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Population
97,040,334 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 23.27% (male 11,876,141 /female 10,704,895)
15-24 years: 15.81% (male 7,967,981 /female 7,371,016)
25-54 years: 45.67% (male 22,378,768 /female 21,939,925)
55-64 years: 8.9% (male 4,014,622 /female 4,620,177)
65 years and over: 6.35% (male 2,404,304 /female 3,762,505) (2018 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 42.5 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 32.9 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 9.6 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 10.4 (2015 est.)
Median age
total: 30.9 years (2018 est.)
male: 29.9 years
female: 32.1 years
Population growth rate
0.9% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
15.2 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
5.9 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 36.6% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 2.98% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
8.371 million Ho Chi Minh City, 4.48 million HANOI (capital), 1.531 million Can Tho, 1.259 million Hai Phong, 1.095 Da Nang (2019)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.1 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.11 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.87 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.64 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 16.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 17.1 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 16.3 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 73.9 years (2018 est.)
male: 71.4 years
female: 76.7 years
Total fertility rate
1.79 children born/woman (2018 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
75.7% (2015)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.3% (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
230,000 (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
4,700 (2018 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 99.1% of population
rural: 96.9% of population
total: 97.6% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.9% of population
rural: 3.1% of population
total: 2.4% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 94.4% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 69.7% of population (2015 est.)
total: 78% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 5.6% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 30.3% of population (2015 est.)
total: 22% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseases
degree of risk: very high (2016)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, and Japanese encephalitis (2016)
Nationality
noun: Vietnamese (singular and plural)
adjective: Vietnamese
Ethnic groups
Kinh (Viet) 85.7%, Tay 1.9%, Thai 1.8%, Muong 1.5%, Khmer 1.5%, Mong 1.2%, Nung 1.1%, Hoa 1%, other 4.3% (2009 est.)

note: 54 ethnic groups are recognized by the Vietnamese Government

Religions
Buddhist 7.9%, Catholic 6.6%, Hoa Hao 1.7%, Cao Dai 0.9%, Protestant 0.9%, Muslim 0.1%, none 81.8% (2009 est.)
Languages
Vietnamese (official), English (increasingly favored as a second language), some French, Chinese, and Khmer, mountain area languages (Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian)
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 94.5%
male: 96.3%
female: 92.8% (2015 est.)
Education expenditures
5.7% of GDP (2013)
Maternal mortality rate
43 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
14.1% (2015)
Health expenditures
5.7% (2015)
Physicians density
0.82 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
Hospital bed density
2.6 beds/1,000 population (2014)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
2.1% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on December 7, 2019

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