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Uruguay Geography Profile 2018

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LocationSouthern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Argentina and Brazil
Geographic coordinates33 00 S, 56 00 W
Map referencesSouth America
Areatotal: 176,215 sq km
land: 175,015 sq km
water: 1,200 sq km
Area - comparativeabout the size of Virginia and West Virginia combined; slightly smaller than the state of Washington
Land boundariestotal: 1,591 km
border countries (2): Argentina 541 km, Brazil 1,050 km
Coastline660 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or the edge of continental margin
Climatewarm temperate; freezing temperatures almost unknown
Terrainmostly rolling plains and low hills; fertile coastal lowland
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 109 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Cerro Catedral 514 m
Natural resourcesarable land, hydropower, minor minerals, fish
Land useagricultural land: 87.2%
arable land 10.1%; permanent crops 0.2%; permanent pasture 76.9%
forest: 10.2%
other: 2.6% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land2,380 sq km (2012)
Population distributionmost of the country's population resides in the southern half of the country; approximately 80% of the populace is urban, living in towns or cities; nearly half of the population lives in and around the capital of Montevideo
Natural hazardsseasonally high winds (the pampero is a chilly and occasional violent wind that blows north from the Argentine pampas), droughts, floods; because of the absence of mountains, which act as weather barriers, all locations are particularly vulnerable to rapid changes from weather fronts
Environment - current issueswater pollution from meat packing/tannery industry; inadequate solid/hazardous waste disposal
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation
Geography - notesecond-smallest South American country (after Suriname); most of the low-lying landscape (three-quarters of the country) is grassland, ideal for cattle and sheep raising

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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