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United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

A flag featuring both cross and saltire in red, white and blue
Europe-UK (orthographic projection).svg
Europe-UK.svg
Location of the United Kingdom (dark green)

in Europe (dark grey)

Capital
and largest city
London
51°30′N0°7′W / 51.500°N 0.117°W / 51.500; -0.117
Official language
and national language
English
Regional and minority languages[note 3]
Ethnic groups
(2011)
Religion
Demonym(s)
Constituent countries
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentary
constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
Boris Johnson
LegislatureParliament
House of Lords
House of Commons
Formation
1535 and 1542
24 March 1603
1 May 1707
1 January 1801
5 December 1922
Area
• Total
242,495 km2 (93,628 sq mi)[8] (78th)
• Water (%)
1.51 (as of 2015)[9]
Population
• 2020 estimate
Increase 67,886,004[10] (21st)
• 2011 census
63,182,178[11] (22nd)
• Density
270.7/km2 (701.1/sq mi) (50th)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
Increase $3.131 trillion[12] (9th)
• Per capita
Increase $46,827[12] (26th)
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $2.638 trillion[12] (5th)
• Per capita
Increase $41,030[12] (20th)
Gini (2018)Negative increase 33.5[13]
medium · 33rd
HDI (2018)Increase 0.920[14]
very high · 15th
CurrencyPound sterling[note 5] (GBP)
Time zoneUTC (Greenwich Mean Time, WET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+1 (British Summer Time, WEST)
[note 6]
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
yyyy-mm-dd (AD)
Mains electricity230 V–50 Hz
Driving sideleft[note 7]
Calling code+44[note 8]
ISO 3166 codeGB
Internet TLD.uk[note 9]
Country Comparisons

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


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