Flag of Turks and Caicos Islands

Turks and Caicos Islands Geography Profile 2018

Home > Factbook > Countries > Turks and Caicos Islands

Locationtwo island groups in the North Atlantic Ocean, southeast of The Bahamas, north of Haiti
Geographic coordinates21 45 N, 71 35 W
Map referencesCentral America and the Caribbean
Areatotal: 948 sq km
land: 948 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline389 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Climatetropical; marine; moderated by trade winds; sunny and relatively dry
Terrainlow, flat limestone; extensive marshes and mangrove swamps
Elevation extremesmean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Blue Hill on Providenciales and Flamingo Hill on East Caicos 48 m
Natural resourcesspiny lobster, conch
Land useagricultural land: 1.1%
arable land 1.1%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 0%
forest: 36.2%
other: 62.7% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land0 sq km (2012)
Population distributioneight of the thirty islands are inhabited; the island of Providenciales is the most populated, but the most densely populated is Grand Turk
Natural hazardsfrequent hurricanes
Environment - current issueslimited natural freshwater resources, private cisterns collect rainwater
Geography - noteinclude eight large islands and numerous smaller cays, islets, and reefs; only two of the Caicos Islands and six of the Turks group are inhabited

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018