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Republic of Turkey

Türkiye Cumhuriyeti  (Turkish)
Anthem: 
İstiklal Marşı  (Turkish)
"The Independence March"
Location of Turkey
CapitalAnkara
39°N35°E / 39°N 35°E / 39; 35Coordinates: 39°N35°E / 39°N 35°E / 39; 35
Largest cityIstanbul
41°1′N28°57′E / 41.017°N 28.950°E / 41.017; 28.950
Official languagesTurkish[1][2]
Spoken languages[3]
Ethnic groups
Demonym(s)
GovernmentUnitarypresidentialconstitutionalrepublic
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
Fuat Oktay
Mustafa Şentop
LegislatureGrand National Assembly
Establishment
19 May 1919
23 April 1920
24 July 1923
29 October 1923
9 November 1982
Area
• Total
783,356 km2 (302,455 sq mi) (36th)
• Water (%)
2.03 (as of 2015)[4]
Population
• 2019 estimate
Increase 83,154,997[5] (19th)
• Density
105[6]/km2 (271.9/sq mi) (107th)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
Increase $2.471 trillion[7] (13th)
• Per capita
Increase $29,723[7] (52nd)
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
Decrease $760.940 billion[7] (19th)
• Per capita
Decrease $9,150[7] (70th)
Gini (2017)Negative increase 43.0[8]
medium · 56th
HDI (2018)Increase 0.806[9]
very high · 59th
CurrencyTurkish lira(₺) (TRY)
Time zoneUTC+3 (TRT)
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy (CE)
Mains electricity230 V–50 Hz
Driving sideright
Calling code+90
ISO 3166 codeTR
Internet TLD.tr

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


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