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Togo Geography Profile 2018

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LocationWestern Africa, bordering the Bight of Benin, between Benin and Ghana
Geographic coordinates8 00 N, 1 10 E
Map referencesAfrica
Areatotal: 56,785 sq km
land: 54,385 sq km
water: 2,400 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly smaller than West Virginia
Land boundariestotal: 1,880 km
border countries (3): Benin 651 km, Burkina Faso 131 km, Ghana 1,098 km
Coastline56 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 30 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climatetropical; hot, humid in south; semiarid in north
Terraingently rolling savanna in north; central hills; southern plateau; low coastal plain with extensive lagoons and marshes
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 236 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mont Agou 986 m
Natural resourcesphosphates, limestone, marble, arable land
Land useagricultural land: 67.4%
arable land 45.2%; permanent crops 3.8%; permanent pasture 18.4%
forest: 4.9%
other: 27.7% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land70 sq km (2012)
Population distributionone of the more densely populated African nations with most of the population residing in rural communities, density is highest in the south on or near the Atlantic coast
Natural hazardshot, dry harmattan wind can reduce visibility in north during winter; periodic droughts
Environment - current issuesdeforestation attributable to slash-and-burn agriculture and the use of wood for fuel; water pollution presents health hazards and hinders the fishing industry; air pollution increasing in urban areas
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notethe country's length allows it to stretch through six distinct geographic regions; climate varies from tropical to savanna

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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