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Timor-Leste Geography Profile 2018

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LocationSoutheastern Asia, northwest of Australia in the Lesser Sunda Islands at the eastern end of the Indonesian archipelago; note - Timor-Leste includes the eastern half of the island of Timor, the Oecussi (Ambeno) region on the northwest portion of the island of Timor, and the islands of Pulau Atauro and Pulau Jaco
Geographic coordinates8 50 S, 125 55 E
Map referencesSoutheast Asia
Areatotal: 14,874 sq km
land: 14,874 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly larger than Connecticut
Land boundariestotal: 253 km
border countries (1): Indonesia 253 km
Coastline706 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Climatetropical; hot, humid; distinct rainy and dry seasons
Elevation extremesmean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Timor Sea, Savu Sea, and Banda Sea 0 m
highest point: Foho Tatamailau 2,963 m
Natural resourcesgold, petroleum, natural gas, manganese, marble
Land useagricultural land: 25.1%
arable land 10.1%; permanent crops 4.9%; permanent pasture 10.1%
forest: 49.1%
other: 25.8% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land350 sq km (2012)
Population distributionmost of the population concentrated in the western third of the country, particularly around Dili
Natural hazardsfloods and landslides are common; earthquakes; tsunamis; tropical cyclones
Environment - current issueswidespread use of slash and burn agriculture has led to deforestation and soil erosion
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - noteTimor comes from the Malay word for "east"; the island of Timor is part of the Malay Archipelago and is the largest and easternmost of the Lesser Sunda Islands

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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