Flag of Timor-Leste

Timor-Leste Demographics Profile 2018

Home > Factbook > Countries > Timor-Leste

Population1,291,358 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 40.91% (male 271,623/female 256,733)
15-24 years: 20.32% (male 133,254/female 129,166)
25-54 years: 29.95% (male 185,911/female 200,903)
55-64 years: 4.94% (male 32,168/female 31,680)
65 years and over: 3.87% (male 23,924/female 25,996) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 90.3
youth dependency ratio: 83.7
elderly dependency ratio: 6.6
potential support ratio: 15.2 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 18.9 years
male: 18.3 years
female: 19.6 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate2.36% (2017 est.)
Birth rate33.4 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate5.9 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate-3.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 34% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 3.63% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationDILI (capital) 228,000 (2014)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.91 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth22.1 years
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2009/10 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 35.1 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 37.9 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 32.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 68.4 years
male: 66.8 years
female: 70.1 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate4.79 children born/woman (2017 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate22.3% (2009/10)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 95.2% of population
rural: 60.5% of population
total: 71.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 4.8% of population
rural: 39.5% of population
total: 28.1% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 69% of population
rural: 26.8% of population
total: 40.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 31% of population
rural: 73.2% of population
total: 59.4% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Timorese
adjective: Timorese
Ethnic groupsAustronesian (Malayo-Polynesian) (includes Tetun, Mambai, Tokodede, Galoli, Kemak, Baikeno), Melanesian-Papuan (includes Bunak, Fataluku, Bakasai), small Chinese minority
ReligionsRoman Catholic 97.6%, Protestant/Evangelical 2%, Muslim 0.2%, other 0.2% (2015 est.)
LanguagesTetun Prasa 30.6%, Mambai 16.6%, Makasai 10.5%, Tetun Terik 6.1%, Baikenu 5.9%, Kemak 5.8%, Bunak 5.5%, Tokodede 4%, Fataluku 3.5%, Waima'a 1.8%, Galoli 1.4%, Naueti 1.4%, Idate 1.2%, Midiki 1.2%, other 4.5%
note: data represent population by mother tongue; Tetun and Portuguese are official languages; Indonesian and English are working languages; there are about 32 indigenous languages
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 67.5%
male: 71.5%
female: 63.4% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 13 years
male: 14 years
female: 13 years (2010)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 10,510
percentage: 4% (2002 est.)
Education expenditures7.9% of GDP (2014)
Maternal mortality rate215 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight37.7% (2013)
Health expenditures1.5% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.08 physicians/1,000 population (2011)
Hospital bed density5.9 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate3.8% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

Demographics Comparison