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Gambia, The Geography Profile 2018

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LocationWestern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and Senegal
Geographic coordinates13 28 N, 16 34 W
Map referencesAfrica
Areatotal: 11,300 sq km
land: 10,120 sq km
water: 1,180 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly less than twice the size of Delaware
Land boundariestotal: 749 km
border countries (1): Senegal 749 km
Coastline80 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 18 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: extent not specified
Climatetropical; hot, rainy season (June to November); cooler, dry season (November to May)
Terrainflood plain of the Gambia River flanked by some low hills
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 34 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed elevation 53 m
Natural resourcesfish, clay, silica sand, titanium (rutile and ilmenite), tin, zircon
Land useagricultural land: 56.1%
arable land 41%; permanent crops 0.5%; permanent pasture 14.6%
forest: 43.9%
other: 0% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land50 sq km (2012)
Population distributionsettlements are found scattered along the Gambia River; the largest communities, including the capital of Banjul, and the country's largest city, Serekunda, are found at the mouth of the Gambia River along the Atlantic coast
Natural hazardsdroughts
Environment - current issuesdeforestation; desertification; water-borne diseases prevalent
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notealmost an enclave of Senegal; smallest country on the African mainland

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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