Flag of Bahamas, The

Bahamas, The Geography Profile

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chain of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, southeast of Florida, northeast of Cuba
Geographic coordinates
24 15 N, 76 00 W
Map references
Central America and the Caribbean
total: 13,880 sq km
land: 10,010 sq km
water: 3,870 sq km
Area - comparative
slightly smaller than Connecticut
Land boundaries
total: 0 km
3,542 km
Maritime claims
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
tropical marine; moderated by warm waters of Gulf Stream
long, flat coral formations with some low rounded hills
Elevation extremes
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Alvernia on Cat Island 64 m
Natural resources
salt, aragonite, timber, arable land
Land use
agricultural land: 1.4% (2016 est.)
arable land: 0.8% (2016 est.) / permanent crops: 0.4% (2016 est.) / permanent pasture: 0.2% (2016 est.)
forest: 51.4% (2016 est.)
other: 47.2% (2016 est.)
Irrigated land
10 sq km (2012)
Population distribution
most of the population lives in urban areas, with two-thirds living on New Providence Island where Nassau is located
Natural hazards
hurricanes and other tropical storms cause extensive flood and wind damage
Environment - current issues
coral reef decay; solid waste disposal
Environment - international agreements
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note
strategic location adjacent to US and Cuba; extensive island chain of which 30 are inhabited

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on Friday, November 27, 2020