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Tajikistan Demographics Profile 2018

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Population8,468,555 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 32.33% (male 1,393,804/female 1,343,825)
15-24 years: 18.61% (male 799,736/female 776,417)
25-54 years: 40.12% (male 1,683,228/female 1,714,507)
55-64 years: 5.62% (male 219,043/female 257,066)
65 years and over: 3.32% (male 116,511/female 164,418) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 62.5
youth dependency ratio: 57.1
elderly dependency ratio: 5.4
potential support ratio: 18.5 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 24.5 years
male: 23.9 years
female: 25.1 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate1.62% (2017 est.)
Birth rate23.3 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate6 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate-1.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 27% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 2.72% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationDUSHANBE (capital) 822,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.85 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth22.9 years (2014 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 31.8 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 35.9 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 27.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 68.1 years
male: 64.9 years
female: 71.4 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate2.63 children born/woman (2017 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate27.9% (2012)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.3% (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS14,000 (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths<1000 (2016 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 93.1% of population
rural: 66.7% of population
total: 73.8% of population
unimproved:
urban: 6.9% of population
rural: 33.3% of population
total: 26.2% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 93.8% of population
rural: 95.5% of population
total: 95% of population
unimproved:
urban: 6.2% of population
rural: 4.5% of population
total: 5% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Tajikistani(s)
adjective: Tajikistani
Ethnic groupsTajik 84.3%, Uzbek 13.8% (includes Lakai, Kongrat, Katagan, Barlos, Yuz), other 2% (includes Kyrgyz, Russian, Turkmen, Tatar, Arab) (2010 est.)
ReligionsSunni Muslim 85%, Shia Muslim 5%, other 10% (2003 est.)
LanguagesTajik (official), Russian widely used in government and business
note: different ethnic groups speak Uzbek, Kyrgyz, and Pashto
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.8%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.7% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 11 years
male: 12 years
female: 11 years (2013)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 164,432
percentage: 10% (2005 est.)
Education expenditures5.2% of GDP (2015)
Maternal mortality rate32 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight13.3% (2012)
Health expenditures6.9% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density1.71 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density5.5 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate14.2% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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