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Sweden Demographics Profile

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Population10,261,767 (July 2021 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Swede(s)

adjective: Swedish
Ethnic groups

Swedish 80.3%, Syrian 1.9%, Iraqi 1.4%, Finnish 1.4%, other 15%

(2020 est.)

note: data represent the population by country of birth; the indigenous Sami people are estimated to number between 20,000 and 40,000

LanguagesSwedish (official)

major-language sample(s):
The World Factbook, den obestridliga källan för grundläggande information. (Swedish)

The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information.

note: Finnish, Sami, Romani, Yiddish, and Meankieli are official minority languages
ReligionsChurch of Sweden (Lutheran) 57.6%, other (includes Roman Catholic, Orthodox, Baptist, Muslim, Jewish, and Buddhist) 8.9%, none or unspecified 33.5% (2019 est.)

note: estimates reflect registered members of faith communities eligible for state funding (not all religions are state-funded and not all people who identify with a particular religion are registered members) and the Church of Sweden
Age structure0-14 years: 17.71% (male 928,413/female 878,028)

15-24 years: 10.8% (male 569,082/female 532,492)

25-54 years: 39.01% (male 2,016,991/female 1,962,617)

55-64 years: 11.9% (male 610,521/female 603,795)

65 years and over: 20.59% (male 974,410/female 1,126,142) (2020 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 61.2

youth dependency ratio: 28.4

elderly dependency ratio: 32.8

potential support ratio: 3.1 (2020 est.)
Median agetotal: 41.1 years

male: 40.1 years

female: 42.1 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate0.74% (2021 est.)
Birth rate11.93 births/1,000 population (2021 est.)
Death rate9.39 deaths/1,000 population (2021 est.)
Net migration rate4.87 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)
Population distributionmost Swedes live in the south where the climate is milder and there is better connectivity to mainland Europe; population clusters are found all along the Baltic coast in the east; the interior areas of the north remain sparsely populated
Urbanizationurban population: 88.2% of total population (2021)

rate of urbanization: 0.89% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)
Major cities - population1.657 million STOCKHOLM (capital) (2021)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.87 male(s)/female

total population: 1 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth29.5 years (2019 est.)
Maternal mortality rate4 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 2.45 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 2.76 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 2.13 deaths/1,000 live births (2021 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 82.6 years

male: 80.61 years

female: 84.7 years (2021 est.)
Total fertility rate1.86 children born/woman (2021 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate70.3% (2017)

note: percent of women aged 16-49
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 100% of population

rural: 100% of population

total: 100% of population

unimproved: urban: 0% of population

rural: 0% of population

total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
Health expenditures10.9% (2018)
Physicians density3.98 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
Hospital bed density2.2 beds/1,000 population (2017)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 100% of population

rural: 100% of population

total: 100% of population

unimproved: urban: 0% of population

rural: 0% of population

total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.2% (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS11,000 (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Obesity - adult prevalence rate20.6% (2016)
Education expenditures7.6% of GDP (2017)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 20 years

male: 19 years

female: 21 years (2018)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on September 18, 2021

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