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Swaziland Geography Profile 2018

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LocationSouthern Africa, between Mozambique and South Africa
Geographic coordinates26 30 S, 31 30 E
Map referencesAfrica
Areatotal: 17,364 sq km
land: 17,204 sq km
water: 160 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly smaller than New Jersey
Land boundariestotal: 546 km
border countries (2): Mozambique 108 km, South Africa 438 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claimsnone (landlocked)
Climatevaries from tropical to near temperate
Terrainmostly mountains and hills; some moderately sloping plains
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 305 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Great Usutu River 21 m
highest point: Emlembe 1,862 m
Natural resourcesasbestos, coal, clay, cassiterite, hydropower, forests, small gold and diamond deposits, quarry stone, and talc
Land useagricultural land: 68.3%
arable land 9.8%; permanent crops 0.8%; permanent pasture 57.7%
forest: 31.7%
other: 0% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land500 sq km (2012)
Population distributionbecause of its mountainous terrain, the population distribution is uneven throughout the country, concentrating primarily in valleys and plains
Natural hazardsdrought
Environment - current issueslimited supplies of potable water; wildlife populations being depleted because of excessive hunting; overgrazing; soil degradation; soil erosion
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
Geography - notelandlocked; almost completely surrounded by South Africa

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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