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Suriname Geography Profile 2018

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LocationNorthern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between French Guiana and Guyana
Geographic coordinates4 00 N, 56 00 W
Map referencesSouth America
Areatotal: 163,820 sq km
land: 156,000 sq km
water: 7,820 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly larger than Georgia
Land boundariestotal: 1,907 km
border countries (3): Brazil 515 km, French Guiana 556 km, Guyana 836 km
Coastline386 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climatetropical; moderated by trade winds
Terrainmostly rolling hills; narrow coastal plain with swamps
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 246 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: unnamed location in the coastal plain -2 m
highest point: Juliana Top 1,230 m
Natural resourcestimber, hydropower, fish, kaolin, shrimp, bauxite, gold, and small amounts of nickel, copper, platinum, iron ore
Land useagricultural land: 0.5%
arable land 0.4%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 0.1%
forest: 94.6%
other: 4.9% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land570 sq km (2012)
Population distributionpopulation concentrated along the nothern coastal strip; the remainder of the country is sparsely populated
Natural hazardsflooding
Environment - current issuesdeforestation as timber is cut for export; pollution of inland waterways by small-scale mining activities
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notesmallest independent country on South American continent; mostly tropical rain forest; great diversity of flora and fauna that, for the most part, is increasingly threatened by new development; relatively small population, mostly along the coast

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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