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Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka

  • ශ්‍රී ලංකා ප්‍රජාතාන්ත්‍රික සමාජවාදී ජනරජය (Sinhala)
  • இலங்கை சனநாயக சோசலிசக் குடியரசு (Tamil)
  • Sinhala:Śrī Laṅkā Prajātāntrika Samājavādī Janarajaya
    Tamil:Ilaṅkai Jaṉanāyaka Sōsalisak Kuṭiyarasu
Anthem: "Sri Lanka Matha"
(English: "Mother Sri Lanka")
Location of Sri Lanka
CapitalSri Jayawardenepura Kotte (legislative)[1]
Colombo (executive and judicial)[2]
6°56′N79°52′E / 6.933°N 79.867°E / 6.933; 79.867
Largest cityColombo
Official languagesSinhala
Tamil[3]
Recognised languagesEnglish
Ethnic groups
(2012[4])
74.9% Sinhalese
11.2% Sri Lankan Tamils
9.2% Sri Lankan Moors
4.2% Indian Tamils
0.5% Others (incl. Burghers, Malays, Veddas, Chinese, Indians)
Religion
(2012)
70.2% Buddhism (official religion)[5][6]
12.6% Hinduism
9.7% Islam
7.4% Christianity
0.1% Other/None
Demonym(s)Sri Lankan
GovernmentUnitarysemi-presidentialconstitutional republic
Gotabaya Rajapaksa
Mahinda Rajapaksa
Mahinda Yapa Abeywardena[7]
Jayantha Jayasuriya
LegislatureParliament
Independence 
4 February 1948
22 May 1972
7 September 1978
Area
• Total
65,610 km2 (25,330 sq mi) (120th)
• Water (%)
4.4
Population
• 2019 estimate
Increase21,803,000[8] (58th)
• 2012 census
20,277,597[9]
• Density
327/km2 (846.9/sq mi) (43rd)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase$321.856 billion[10] (58th)
• Per capita
Increase$14,509[10] (91st)
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase$92.111 billion[10] (65th)
• Per capita
Increase$4,152[10] (109th)
Gini (2016)39.8[11]
medium
HDI (2018)Increase 0.780[12]
high · 71st
CurrencySri Lankan rupee (Rs) (LKR)
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (SLST)
Date format
  • dd-mm-yyyy
  • yyyy-mm-dd
Driving sideleft
Calling code+94
ISO 3166 codeLK
Internet TLD
Website
www.gov.lk
Country Comparisons

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


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